Student of the Light

April 23, 2017

Olivet Prophecy: Part 5


Previous Topics:
Part 1: Looking through the Stones of the Buildings of the Temple
Part 2: False Messiahs (1st SEWIC)
Part 3: Fearful Things and Terrors (2nd SEWIC)
Part 4: Persecutions and Martyrdoms (3rd SEWIC)

Part 5: The Desolation and the Great Distress According to Luke

The “desolation” and great tribulation in the accounts of Matthew (24:15-22) and Mark (13:14-20), are portrayed almost identically but if we will compare them with the account of Luke (21:20-24), there’s a big difference.

In the accounts of Matthew and Mark, the phrase “the abomination of desolation” speaks of an event that causes desolation in the Temple or its court spoken through the prophet Daniel. In Luke, “desolation thereof is nigh” is speaking of the approaching desolation of the city.

Luk 21:20-24 KJV
(20)  And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.
(21)  Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.
(22)  For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.
(23)  But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people.
(24)  And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

After the Lord’s Olivet discourse, the first siege of Jerusalem that had taken place was on year 70 AD. The aftermath of that siege was very bloody and destructive. The events in Luke 21:20 up to v24 but not including its last clause had occurred at that time. Here is the link to the historical account of that siege and its aftermath according to Josephus:

The Siege and Destruction of Jerusalem

Notice the sequence of events up to the time when the Romans had entered the Temple. If we will apply the instruction of the Lord to flee when they had seen the desolating sacrilege standing up in Mat 24:15-20 and Mar 13:14-18, whether or not the Romans did set up an abomination that desolates at that time, wouldn’t it be too late for them to flee? Obviously, it would. There’s a difference between the two desolations. This thing would in turn mean that the great tribulation or distress in Luke is different from that of Mat 24 and Mar 13. The Greek word for “distress” or “tribulation” in Luke is, in fact, not the same with that of Mat 24 and Mar 13. Let’s look at Strong’s Greek Dictionary:

Matthew and Mark – tribulation:

G2347 θλίψις thlipsis thlip’-sis
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively): – afflicted, (-tion), anguish, burdened, persecution, tribulation, trouble.

Luke – distress:

G318 ἀναγκή anagkē an-ang-kay’
From G303 and the base of G43; constraint (literally or figuratively); by implication distress: – distress, must needs, (of) necessity (-sary), neededth, needful.

In the Aramaic, the word “tribulation” or “distress” in Matthew 24:21 and Mark 13:19 and Luke 21:23 came from a single Aramaic word which was given an ID number as ID-2:1003. Here are its definitions:

Definition of SEDRA:

oppression, affliction, tribulation

Definition from CAL:

1 straights, calamity Syr, Man, LJLA. –(a) fig. of famine Syr, LJLA. –(b) siege Syr.
2 necessity, compulsion Syr.
3 narrowness, difficulty Syr.

Definition from Payne Smith’s A Compendious Syriac Dictionary:

Now, the reader be the judge as to which is which depending on the context. As for the author, the Great Tribulation written in Dan 12:1 is the great tribulation in the X-SEWICs of Matthew and Mark. The great distress in Luke 21:23 is speaking of a great siege/constraint and necessity.

Luke 21:20-24 KJV
(20) And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.

The underlined clause above is giving a sign about the desolation of Jerusalem. Obviously, it is also a sign (the 4th) that the stones of the Temple are to be thrown down and it’s the nearest sign to its actual fulfillment


Next Topics:
Part 6: The Great Tribulation (GT)
Part 7: The Coming of Lord (LAST-SEWIC)
Part 8: The Illustration of the Fig Tree



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