The Self Magnified King and the (Strange) God of Fortresses

NOTE: Please bear with the poor English of the author and be it known that this article may expand or change in form in the future.

Dan 11:36-40 ESV
(36)  “And the king shall do as he wills. He shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak astonishing things against the God of gods. He shall prosper till the indignation is accomplished; for what is decreed shall be done.
(37)  He shall pay no attention to the gods of his fathers, or to the one beloved by women. He shall not pay attention to any other god, for he shall magnify himself above all.
(38)  He shall honor the god of fortresses instead of these. A god whom his fathers did not know he shall honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts.
(39)  He shall deal with the strongest fortresses with the help of a foreign god. Those who acknowledge him he shall load with honor. He shall make them rulers over many and shall divide the land for a price.
(40)  “At the time of the end, the king of the south shall attack him, but the king of the north shall rush upon him like a whirlwind, with chariots and horsemen, and with many ships. And he shall come into countries and shall overflow and pass through.

Verse 40 is suggesting that verses 36 to 39 occurs or starts to occur before the time of the end. (But the indignation in v36 shall continue even to the time of the end.) If the reader has already read the article – 2300 Evenings and Mornings – he knows that the “king” from v36 to v39 is Muhammad and the line of kings that followed him. (Actually two lines; the beast in Rev 13:11 which spake like a dragon has two horns like a lamb – Sunni and shiite.)

How Muhammad disregarded the gods of his fathers (v37):

It was over 4000 years later that the last of the line of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) entered Makkah triumphantly, went inside the Kaaba and, with the help of his cousin and son in law, Ali Ibn Abu Talib and destroyed all the idols of Kaaba with their own hands. At one stage of this destruction of idols, the tallest of the idol, Hubbol, was brought down after Ali had to stand on the shoulders of the Prophet to carry out God’s orders. The Prophet of Islam was reciting the verse from the Qur’an: “Truth hath come and falsehood hath vanished.” (17:81) This was done in the 8th year of Hijra, January 630 AD after the bloodless victory at Makkah by the Prophet of Islam.

–  https://themuslimvibe.com/faith-islam/in-history/the-history-of-the-house-of-allah-the-holy-kaaba

How He paid no attention to the one beloved by women (v37):

The word “beloved” in the English Standard Version (above) is rendered as “desire” or “desired” by other Bible translations. The clause has nothing to do with sexual desire because “true God” and “false gods,” to whom the king magnified himself above, are clearly the main topic of the passage v36 to v37. The “one” beloved by women is understood to be a god too, who is this god? Students of the Bible are divided over this matter. Some of them say this deity is Tammuz, the Mesopotamian god. Others believe it to be the Lord Yeshua since Jewish women are said to be desirous of becoming the Mother of the Messiah.

Could Tammuz be the beloved or one desired of women in v37?

The question above could be answered affirmatively or negatively by another question: Is there a sufficient significance in Tammuz being taken out of “any other god”  in the 3rd clause and presented solely in the 2nd clause? In my understanding, there is none. He is just another false god even if he is mentioned in Eze 8:14. He belongs to “any other god”  in the 3rd clause.

How about the Lord Yeshua as the beloved or one desired of women in v37?

The Messiah who is beloved by women could very well be the one pointed to by the 2nd clause. In this case, one can expect that something significant is waiting to be discovered.

The phrase “beloved by women” in relation to the context of v37 seems to be implying that we should look at the difference between the Jesus Christ of the Bible and the Jesus Christ (Isa al-Masih) of the Quran. From the Bible, we Christians already know things concerning our Saviour; what many of us don’t know is the Jesus or Isa of the Quran. The Isa of the Quran differs significantly from the Jesus of the BIble, here are just three samples:

  • Jesus is the Son of God while Isa is the son of Mary but not the son of the Islamic God Allah who has no sons or daughters.
  • Jesus is the Word who was with God, and that Word was God (John 1:1). Isa is a mere human, created from dust.
  • Jesus was crucified and died of the Cross; he is the savior of every individual that sinned (all of us). Isa didn’t die on the cross but someone was killed in his stead; he did not atone for the sins of the people.

There are many other differences between them, the reader is recommended to visit the link below:

Who is the Muslim Jesus? “Isa”

The Jesus Christ of the Bible was/is beloved by his followers and believers, men and women alike. Why was Jesus beloved by women?

According to New Testament scholar Dr. Frank Stagg and classicist Evelyn Stagg,[4] the synoptic Gospels of the canonical New Testament[5] contain a relatively high number of references to women. Evangelical Bible scholar Gilbert Bilezikian agrees, especially by comparison with literary works of the same epoch.[6]:p.82 Neither the Staggs nor Bilezikian find any recorded instance where Jesus disgraces, belittles, reproaches, or stereotypes a woman. These writers claim that examples of the manner of Jesus are instructive for inferring his attitudes toward women and show repeatedly how he liberated and affirmed women.[4]Starr writes that of all founders of religions and religious sects, Jesus stands alone as the one who did not discriminate in some way against women. By word or deed he never encouraged the disparagement of a woman.[7] Karen King concludes, based on the account of Jesus’ interaction with a Syrophoenician woman in Mark 7:24-30 and Matthew 15:21-28, that “an unnamed Gentile woman taught Jesus that the ministry of God is not limited to particular groups and persons, but belongs to all who have faith.”[8]

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus%27_interactions_with_women#High_number_of_references_to_women

The gospels of the New Testament, written toward the last quarter of the first century AD, often mention Jesus speaking to women publicly and openly against the social norms of the time.[9] From the beginning, Jewish women disciples, including Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Susanna, had accompanied Jesus during his ministry and supported him out of their private means.[Lk. 8:1-3] [10]” 

– https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus%27_interactions_with_women#Female_disciples 

The Isa of the Quran was/is beloved by male Muslims but not so beloved by female Muslims as compared to the love given to the Jesus of the Bible by his female followers. Why is this so? To know the reason, one must look at the life and teachings of Muhammad as compared to that of Jesus Christ of the Bible. The link below provides us with the pertinent information:

Jesus Vs Muhammad: Their Views About Women

Their views differ strikingly from each other. Now, how about the Isa of the Quran, would his view be similar to that of Muhammad? Yes, of course, because he is not a prophet in the Bible but in the Quran, in which, Muhammad is the final prophet.

Another reason was/is because of Sharia Law which takes away the rights of women. This law is oppressive to female Muslims. Read a quote from Wikipedia on Sharia and Women:

Women

Domestic violence[edit]

Many claim sharia law encourages domestic violence against women, when a husband suspects nushuz (disobedience, disloyalty, rebellion, ill conduct) in his wife.[221] Other scholars claim wife beating, for nashizah, is not consistent with modern perspectives of the Quran.[222]

One of the verses of the Quran relating to permissibility of domestic violence is Surah 4:34.[223][224] Sharia has been criticized for ignoring women’s rights in domestic abuse cases.[225][226][227][228] MusawahCEDAW, KAFA and other organizations have proposed ways to modify sharia-inspired laws to improve women’s rights in Muslim-majority nations, including women’s rights in domestic abuse cases.[229][230][231][232]

Personal status laws and child marriage[edit]

Shari’a is the basis for personal status laws in most Islamic-majority nations. These personal status laws determine rights of women in matters of marriage, divorce and child custody. A 2011 UNICEF report concludes that sharia law provisions are discriminatory against women from a human rights perspective. In legal proceedings under sharia law, a woman’s testimony is worth half of a man’s before a court.[110]

Except for Iran[citation needed], Lebanon[citation needed] and Bahrain[citation needed] which allow child marriages[citation needed], the civil codes in Islamic majority countries do not allow child marriage of girls. However, with sharia personal status laws, sharia courts in all these nations have the power to override the civil code. The religious courts permit girls less than 18 years old to marry. As of 2011, child marriages are common in a few Middle Eastern countries, accounting for 1 in 6 of all marriages in Egypt and 1 in 3 marriages in Yemen. UNICEF and other studies state that the top five nations in the world with highest observed child marriage rates – Niger (75%), Chad (72%), Mali (71%), Bangladesh (64%), Guinea (63%) – are Islamic-majority countries where the personal laws for Muslims are sharia-based.[233][234] In his Cairo speech, President Obama spoke out against child marriage.[235]

Rape is considered a crime in all countries, but sharia courts in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Syria and Tunisia in some cases allow a rapist to escape punishment by marrying his victim, while in other cases the victim who complains is often prosecuted with the crime of Zina (adultery).[110][236][237]

Women’s right to property and consent[edit]

Sharia grants women the right to inherit property from other family members, and these rights are detailed in the Quran.[238] A woman’s inheritance is unequal and less than a man’s, and dependent on many factors.[Quran 4:12][239] For instance, a daughter’s inheritance is usually half that of her brother’s.[Quran 4:11][239]

Until the 20th century, Islamic law granted Muslim women certain legal rights, such as the right to own property received as Mahr(brideprice) at her marriage.[240][241] However, Islamic law does not grant non-Muslim women the same legal rights as the few it did grant Muslim women. Sharia recognizes the basic inequality between master and women slave, between free women and slave women, between Believers and non-Believers, as well as their unequal rights.[242][243] Sharia authorized the institution of slavery, using the words abd (slave) and the phrase ma malakat aymanukum (“that which your right hand owns”) to refer to women slaves, seized as captives of war.[242][244] Under Islamic law, Muslim men could have sexual relations with female captives and slaves.[245][246]

Slave women under sharia did not have a right to own property or to move freely.[247][248] Sharia, in Islam’s history, provided a religious foundation for enslaving non-Muslim women (and men), but allowed for the manumission of slaves. However, manumission required that the non-Muslim slave first convert to Islam.[249][250] A non-Muslim slave woman who bore children to her Muslim master became legally free upon her master’s death, and her children were presumed to be Muslims like their father, in Africa[249] and elsewhere.[251]

Starting with the 20th century, Western legal systems evolved to expand women’s rights, but women’s rights under Islamic law have remained tied to the Quran, hadiths and their fundamentalist interpretation as sharia by Islamic jurists.[246][252]

 

Another article about Sharia and Women:

As Long As There Is Sharia Law, Women Will Not Have Human Rights

Now, according to http://www.sunna.info/Lessons/islam_421.htmlIsa will rule the earth with the Shari^ah

Isa received a Heavenly Book, the Injil, which contained the Shari^ah, (rules of the Religion) revealed to him. In it was the prohibition of associating partners with Allah. In it was the prohibition to consume the usurious gain (riba), pig meat, blood, and the meat of animals not slaughtered properly. It contained the order to perform the Prayer (with bowing and prostration) twice a day. It had the order to fast (but other than the month of Ramadan), and the order to perform taharah. Prophet ^Isa came with a Shari^ah that contained making permissible some of the things which had been forbidden upon the children of Israel in the Torah. Although what is called “The Bible” today contains some true stories of Prophet ^Isa, it does not contain the true Injil which was revealed to him.

– http://www.sunna.info/Lessons/islam_421.html

After he descends, Prophet ^Isa will rule the earth with the Shari^ah of Prophet Muhammad, the Shari^ah Muslims are ordered to follow until the Judgment Day. He will break the cross, kill the pig, and abolish the jizyah (compulsory payment by the People of the Book to the Muslim state), because in the rules of Prophet Muhammad the jizyah is only applicable until the descent of ^Isa. He will kill the Dajjal, an ugly, evil blasphemer who claims himself as God, and who misleads many people to blaspheme. Prophet ^Isa will perform Hajj and travel to visit the grave of the Prophet to salute him, and to greet him by saying, “As-salamu ^alaykum ya rasul Allah”, as narrated by Abu Dawud at-Tayalisiyy and others.

– http://www.sunna.info/Lessons/islam_421.html

If the Lord Jesus of the Bible was like the Isa of the Quran, would he be beloved by his female disciples during his ministry? …by female Christians after he ascended to heaven? That would be a big NO.

Now, can the reader see how Muhammad disregarded the God and Savior beloved by women while at the same time preaching another Jesus who is just a mere man and whom many Muslims regarded as inferior to Muhammad. The anti-christ was skilled in dark sayings.

But in his place shall he honor the god of fortresses (v38a)

Below is a quote from a Muslim website about their God:

Muslims often refer to God as Allah. This is a universal name for God and does not refer to an exclusively ‘Islamic’ God. Interestingly, this name is related to the Aramaic and Hebrew names for God, Allaha and Elohim. Therefore, Allah is simply the Arabic name for God which affirms that He is One singular God with no partners or equals. The name Allah cannot be pluralized or limited to a specific gender, which establishes that God is One and that He is unique from everything He creates. Muslims continue to use this original Arabic name for God (Allah) since it perfectly expresses His unique qualities.

God is the Creator and the Sustainer of the universe who created everything for a reason. Muslims believe that He created humankind with a simple purpose – to worship Him. He sent messengers to guide people in fulfilling this purpose. Some of these messengers include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, peace be upon all of them. They all taught a consistent message about God by affirming His greatness as the Creator and guiding people to worship Him alone. This basic concept has always resonated with people’s natural understanding of God. (Click here to learn more about prophets in Islam.)

When the final prophet, Muhammad, peace be upon him (pbuh), was asked about God, the answer came directly from God in the holy book of Muslims, the Quran (also spelled ‘Koran’): “Say, ‘He is God the One, God the eternal. He begot no one nor was He begotten. No one is comparable to Him.’” [112:1-4] This is a clear statement by God describing Himself to humanity without any room for confusion. God is One and is exalted above everything He creates and He is capable over all things.

– https://www.whyislam.org/islam/conceptofgod/

Muslims consider their God Allah as the same God of the Bible – the God of the Jews and of the Christians. But obviously, Allah is not the God of the Bible according to the 3rd paragraph of the quote which says: He begot no one nor was He begotten. The God of the Bible begot the Lord Yeshua.

There are many articles about the differences between the God Yahweh (YHWH) and Allah that can be found in the Internet; just google it.

Let’s now study Dan 11:38:

(Dan 11:38 ASV)  But in his place shall he honor the god of fortresses; and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honor with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

(The his in the phrase in his place is singular in the Hebrew manuscripts.) If the phrase in his place in the verse be treated as expressing a location, there’s no contextual significance that can be seen. But if it be treated as in his stead, it would seem that it is presenting something – the stark contrast between the attributes of the God beloved by women and the God of fortresses which can’t be readily seen because of the seemingly not so appropriate rendering of the Hebrew word “fortresses” in the ASV and “forces” in the KJV. Let’s examine the word:

H4581 מָעֻז    מָעֹז    מָעוּז    מָעוֹז
mâ‛ôz    mâ‛ûz    mâ‛ôz    mâ‛ûz
maw-oze’, maw-ooz’, maw-oze’, maw-ooz’
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence: – force, fort (-ress), rock, strength (-en), (X most) strong (hold).

The Hebrew noun H4581 came from the Hebrew verb:

H5810 עָזַז
‛âzaz
aw-zaz’
A primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively): – harden, impudent, prevail, strengthen (self), be strong.

The rendering the God of impudent ones (v38) could show the contrast with the God beloved by Women (v37) more conspicuously, at least, in the passage v37-v38.

The God of the Bible is not the God of the Quran. The Lord Yeshua and his Father are one. – HOW ARE GOD THE FATHER AND YESHUA ONE?

The god of the 2nd clause of v38 is the same god of fortresses or impudent ones in the 1st clause. In the Hebrew Bible, the conjunction “and” at the start of the 2nd clause is not a standalone word. It is the letter waw or vav in the Semitic alphabet and it is prefixed to the word “god” which has another letter also prefixed to it. The complete Hebrew word could be read in English as thus: and.to.god whom his fathers… This waw prefix which act as a particle conjunction can mean and, but, then, now, etc. and it is said that it has more meanings. In the Old Testament, both in the Hebrew and Aramaic parts of it, the said prefix is usually treated as a consecutive conjunction and that is why in this function it is called the “consecutive waw.” But there are verses in the Old Testament where it serves as an explanatory conjunction. It is attached to a word or 1st word of a clause that tells something about the immediate preceding word or phrase in a more detailed or precise manner. This is called the “waw explicativum” or “explicative waw.” In this sense, this prefix is said to be like the English “that is.” See D. W. Baker, “Further Examples of the Waw Explicativum,” VT 30.2 (1980) or click the links below (needs registration for free full online reading):

http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1517519?uid=3738824&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102909531203

So, Dan 11:38 could be rendered as:

But/And in his place, to god of impudent ones shall he honor; that_is.to.god whom his fathers knew not shall he honor with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

That god is the Allah of Islam whom Muhammad’s fathers knew not. But a few people say that Allah was the moon god in pre-Islamic Arabic mythology. If true, that would had made Allah known by Muhammad’s fathers. This claim is refuted by historians and Bible scholars, read what Rick Brown, a Bible scholar and mission strategist says:

Those who claim that Allah is a pagan deity, most notably the moon god, often base their claims on the fact that a symbol of the crescent moon adorns the tops of many mosques and is widely used as a symbol of Islam. It is in fact true that before the coming of Islam many “gods” and idols were worshipped in the Middle East, but the name of the moon god was Sîn, not Allah, and he was not particularly popular in Arabia, the birthplace of Islam. The most prominent idol in Mecca was a god called Hubal, and there is no proof that he was a moon god. It is sometimes claimed that there is a temple to the moon god at Hazor in Palestine. This is based on a representation there of a supplicant wearing a crescent-like pendant. It is not clear, however, that the pendant symbolizes a moon god, and in any case this is not an Arab religious site but an ancient Canaanite site, which was destroyed by Joshua in about 1250 BC. … If the ancient Arabs worshipped hundreds of idols, then no doubt the moon god Sîn was included, for even the Hebrews were prone to worship the sun and the moon and the stars, but there is no clear evidence that moon-worship was prominent among the Arabs in any way or that the crescent was used as the symbol of a moon god, and Allah was certainly not the moon god’s name.[33]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allah_as_a_lunar_deity

Reading the whole Wikipedia article is recommended.

And he shall deal with the strongest fortresses by the help of a strange god (v39a):

(Dan 11:39 KJV)  Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

Verse 39 of Daniel 11 is rendered in many ways by various English Bible translators. Their differences will confuse anyone, even a learned Bible student. But we already know who the king of v36-v39 was – Muhammad and the line of kings that followed him. What we must do is to study what Muhammad taught and the early history of Islamic conquests.

The Strange or Foreign God

It was mentioned previously that Muslims consider their God Allah as the same God of the Bible – the God of the Jews and of the Christians but there are so many proofs that say otherwise. Now, here’s a surprise from v39, the Hebrew word for strange/foreign has its definition below:

H5236  נֵכָר
nêkâr
nay-kawr’
From H5234; foreign, or (concretely) a foreigner, or (abstractly) heathendom: – alien, strange (+ -er).

The word came from:

H5234 נָכַר
nâkar
naw-kar’
A primitive root; properly to scrutinize, that is, look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning): – acknowledge, X could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange (-ly).

One of the meanings given by Brown-Driver-Briggs’ Hebrew Dictionary of the same word H5234 is:

2c2) to disguise oneself

The Allah of Islam factually befits the God of v39, if translated as a god of disguise.

whosoever acknowledgeth him he will increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for a price. – (Dan 11:39b ASV)

The 2nd part of v39 could be telling of riches which the king will bestow. Knowledge concerning acts of bribery commited by Muhammad is essential in understanding the whole of v39.

Bribing People to Become Muslims:

Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, “I give to Quraish people in order to let them adhere to Islam, for they are near to their life of Ignorance (i.e. they have newly embraced Islam and it is still not strong in their hearts.” – Sahih Bukhari 4:53:374

The Apostle gave gifts to those whose hearts were to be won over, notably the chiefs of the army, to win them and through them the people. – Ishaq:594

‘Prophet, this group of Ansar have a grudge against you for what you did with the booty and how you divided it among you own people.’ ‘Ansar, what is this talk I hear from you? What is the grudge you harbor against me? Do you think ill of me? Did I not come to you when you were erring and needy, and then made rich by Allah? – Al-Tabari, Vol. 9, p. 36, See Also Ishaq:596

Prophet Said “Do you hold a grudge against me and are you mentally disturbed because of the worldly things by which I conciliate a people and win them over so that they will embrace Islam and become Muslims??” – Al-Tabari, Vol. 9, p. 37, See Also Ishaq:596

Bribing People to Stay Muslims

Narrated Sad (bin Abi Waqqas): Allah’s Apostle distributed something (from the resources of Zakat) amongst a group of people while I was sitting amongst them, but he left a man whom I considered the best of the lot. So, I went up to Allah’s Apostle and asked him secretly, “Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer.” The Prophet said, “Or merely a Muslim (Who surrender to Allah).” I remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer. ” The Prophet said, “Or merely a Muslim.” I remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer.” The Prophet said, “Or merely a Muslim.” Then Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for fear that he may be thrown in the Hell-fire on his face (by renegating from Islam).” –  Sahih Bukhari 2:24:556

Sa’d reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) bestow- ed (some gifts) upon a group of people and I was sitting amongst them. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), however, left a person and he did not give him any. thing. and he seemed to me the most excellent among them (and thus deserved the gifts more than anyone else). So I stood up before the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and said to him in undertone: Messenger of Allah, what obout so and so? By Allah, I find him a believer. He (the Messenger of Allah) said: He may be a Muslim. I kept quiet for a short while, and then what I knew of him urged me (to plead his case again) and I said: Messenger of Allah, what about so and so? By Allah, I find him a believer. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: He may, be a Muslim. I again remained quiet for a short while, and what I knew of him again urged me (to plead his case so I) said: Messenger of Allah, what about so and so? By Allah, I find him a believer. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: He may be a Muslim. I often bestow (something) upon a person, whereas someone else is dearer to me than he, because of the fear that he may fall headling into the fire. And in the hadith transmitted by Hulwani this statement was repeated twice. –  Sahih Muslim 5:2300, See Also: Sahih Muslim 5:2301, and Sahih Muslim 5:2302

Qur’an, Hadith and Scholars:Muhammad and Bribery – https://wikiislam.net/wiki/Qur%27an,_Hadith_and_Scholars:Muhammad_and_Bribery

Muhammad plundered from other people what he gave to those who acknowledged him and/or his god Allah.

Qur’an, Hadith and Scholars:Muhammad and Plundering – https://wikiislam.net/wiki/Qur%27an,_Hadith_and_Scholars:Muhammad_and_Plundering

Understanding Daniel 11:39 in the Hebrew

Here’s a parsed version of the verse:

1) The Prefix of H4013

Look at the 2nd Hebrew word which is translated as for.fortresses-of.  The letter ל, named as Lamed, is a prefix; and according to Wikipedia:

As a prefix, it can have two purposes:

1) It can be attached to verb roots, designating the infinitive (Dabermeans “speak”, Ledaber means to speak).

2) It can also act as a preposition meaning “to” or “for” [emphasis added]. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamedh#Significance

The rendering of the prefix by ISA interlinear differs from all English translations I know but the correct rendering of it could only be “to” or “for.”

2) The Consecutive Words H4013 and H4581

H4013
From H1219; a fortification, castle, or fortified city; figuratively a defender: – (de-, most) fenced, fortress, (most) strong (hold).

H4581
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence: – force, fort (-ress), rock, strength (-en), (X most) strong (hold).

The two Hebrew words are both nouns and both contain “fortress” and “strong hold” as their meanings. YLT, and MKJV rendered them as “fortresses of the strongholds” while ASV, ESV,ISV, RV, and LITV read “strongest fortresses.”

Now, look at v39 of the Interlinear again, there is no conjunction “and” between the 1st noun H4013 and the 2nd noun H4581. It is said that in Hebrew and in other Semitic languages, there could be a form of genitive construction occurring when two nouns are adjacent to each other. The use of “construct state” is the standard way to do this in the old Semitic languages.

In the older Semitic languages, the use of the construct state is the standard (often only) way to form a genitive construction with a semantically definite modified noun. The modified noun is placed in the construct state, which lacks any definite article (despite being semantically definite), and is often phonetically shortened (as in Biblical Hebrew). The modifying noun is placed directly afterwards, and no other word can intervene between the two.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Construct_state

In grammar, a genitive construction or genitival construction is a type of grammatical construction used to express a relation between two nouns such as the possession of one by another (e.g. “John’s jacket”), or some other type of connection (e.g. “John’s father” or “the father of John”). A genitive construction involves two nouns, the head (or modified noun) and the dependent (or modifier noun). The dependent noun modifies the head by expressing some property of it. For example, in the construction “John’s jacket”, “jacket” is the head and “John’s” is the modifier, expressing a property of the jacket (it is owned by John).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genitive_construction

So, as can be seen, the possessed noun H4013 has “of” at its end (it’s not a suffix).

Notice that the 2nd noun H4581 is the word used in the “God of fortresses” in v38 which was reinterpreted in this article as “God of impudent_ones.” The rendering in English of the two nouns by ISA interlinear seems to be inverted. Maybe, it should be:

for.strong-ones-of or for.strongholds-of  impudent-ones

In my opinion, the best unparsed English translation of the verse is that of the American Standard Version; it shows a conditionality for receiving bribe and an opportunity to rule and own a land, all of which Muhammad had done or caused.

(Dan 11:39 ASV)  And he shall deal with the strongest fortresses by the help of a foreign god: whosoever acknowledgeth him he will increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for a price.

Here’s the definition of the word “glory”:

H3519  כּבד / כּבוד
kâbôd
BDB Definition:
1) glory, honour, glorious, abundance
1a) abundance, riches
1b) honour, splendour, glory
1c) honour, dignity
1d) honour, reputation
1e) honour, reverence, glory
1f) glory
Part of Speech: noun masculine

The “over many” in the clause “and he shall cause them to rule over many” tells that something is wrong in the translation. The Hebrew for over many is just a single word which has a prefix – the letter Bet.This letter, as a prefix can mean: in, with, on, by but the author can’t find “over” as one of its meanings. The ISA Interlinear rendered this prefix as “in” but the clause will have more sense in relation to the whole verse if this prefix be rendered as “with.” Let’s have a look at the definition of “many”:

H7227  רב  rab
BDB Definition:
1) much, many, great (adjective)
1a) much
1b) many
1c) abounding in
1d) more numerous than
1e) abundant, enough
1f) great
1g) strong
1h) greater than
1i) much, exceedingly
2) captain, chief (noun masculine)
Part of Speech: see above in Definition

The word H7227 can be an adjective or a noun but in Dan 11:39 it is an adjective according to https://biblehub.com/interlinear/daniel/11-39.htm. Its inflected form in v39 has an article, so, the clause could be rendered as:

…and he shall cause them to rule with-the-great/wealthy

The adjective great/wealthy has a corresponding noun form: captain chief.

Another thing, the definition of “rule” in the “and he shall cause them to rule” adds more sense to the 2nd half of the verse:

H4910  משׁל  mâshal
BDB Definition:
1) to rule, have dominion, reign
1a) (Qal) to rule, have dominion
1b) (Hiphil)
1b1) to cause to rule
1b2) to exercise dominion
Part of Speech: verb

If applied, the 2nd half could be:

…whosoever acknowledgeth him he will increase with glory/riches; and he shall cause them to rule/reign/have_dominion with-the-great/wealthy, and shall divide the land for a price.

To rule/reign/have_dominion and divide land will require conquests.

Conquests with the help of God of disguise

History speaks for itself. Quotes from HISTORYNET:

Muhammad established the belief among his followers that God had commandeered all Muslims’ purposes and property for His efforts and that all Muslims had a responsibility to fight for the faith. Everyone—men, women, and even children—had an obligation for military service in defense of the faith and the ummah that was the community of God’s chosen people on earth. It is essential to understand that the attraction of the Islamic ideology more than anything else produced the manpower that permitted Muhammad’s small revolutionary cadre to evolve into a conventional armed force capable of large-scale engagements.

–  http://www.historynet.com/muhammad-the-warrior-prophet.htm

Muhammad’s armies demonstrated a higher degree of military motivation than traditional Arab armies. Being a good warrior had always been at the center of Arab values, but Muhammad enhanced the warrior’s status. His soldiers were always guaranteed a share in the booty. It became a common saying among Muslims that “the soldier is not only the noblest and most pleasing profession in the sight of Allah, but also the most profitable.” Muhammad’s soldiers were usually paid better than Persian or Byzantine soldiers.

But better pay was only a small part of the new Islamic warriors’ motivation. One of Muhammad’s most important innovations was convincing his troops that they were doing God’s work on earth. There were of course soldiers of other faiths who fought on religious grounds. But no army before Muhammad’s ever placed religion at the center of military motivation and defined the soldier primarily as an instrument of God’s will on earth. The soldiers of Islam came to see themselves as fighting under God’s instructions. The result, still evident in Islamic societies today, was a soldier who enjoyed much higher social status and respect than soldiers in Western armies.

–  http://www.historynet.com/muhammad-the-warrior-prophet.htm

An insurgency must be able to sustain the popular base that supports the fighting elements. To accomplish this, Muhammad changed the ancient customs regarding the sharing of booty taken in raids. The chief of an Arab clan or tribe traditionally took one-fourth of the booty for himself. Muhammad decreed that he receive only one-fifth, and even this the chief took not for himself but in the name of the ummah. Under the old ways individuals kept whatever booty they had captured. Muhammad required that all booty be turned in to a common pool where it was shared equally among all combatants who had participated in the raid. Most important, Muhammad established that the first claimants on the booty that had been taken in the name of the ummah were the poor and the widows and orphans of the soldiers killed in battle. He also used the promise of a larger share of booty to strike alliances with bedouin clans, some of whom remained both loyal and pagan to the end, fighting for loot rather than for Islam.

–  http://www.historynet.com/muhammad-the-warrior-prophet.htm

It could be that the adjective great/wealthy H7227 in v39 which has a corresponding noun forms: captain or chief is pointing to the chiefs of  Arab clans or tribes who took one-fifth of the booty in the name of the ummah. Those chiefs could be the “strong ones” and the forts of the clans or tribes the “strong holds” in the 1st half of v39 depending on how H4013 should be translated – strong ones or strong holds.

Now, presented below are quotes from early Muslim historians:

Khaybar was divided among the people who had been at Hudaybiyah.  –  Tabari VIII:128 “

Khaybar was apportioned among the men of Hudaybiyah without regard to whether they were present at Khaybar or not. The spoil was divided into 1,800 shares. –  Ishaq:521

When the spoil of Khaybar was apportioned, the settlements of Shaqq and Nata were given to the Muslims while Katiba was divided into five sections: Allah’s fifth [which Muhammad was custodian]; the Prophet’s fifth; the share to the kindred [Muhammad’s kin]; maintenance of the Prophet’s wives; and payment to the men who acted as intermediaries in the peace negotiation with Fadak.  –  Ishaq:521

Then the Apostle distributed the booty between his relatives, his wives, and to other men and women. He gave his daughter Fatima 200 shares, Ali 100, Usama 250, Aisha 200, Bakr 100…. In the name of Allah—this is a memorandum of what Muhammad the Apostle gave his wives from the dates and wheat: 180 loads.  –  Ishaq:522

 

 

2300 Evenings and Mornings New: The Self Magnified King and the (Strange) God of Fortresses
The Great Tribulation (GT) The Aftermath of The Great Tribulation (GT)

The Olivet Prophecy: Arrow of the Lord

Part 1: Looking Through the Stones of the Buildings of the Temple
Part 2: False Messiahs (1st SEWIC)
Part 3: Fearful Things and Terrors (2nd SEWIC)
Part 4: Persecutions and Martyrdoms (3rd SEWIC)
Part 5: The Desolation and the Great Distress According to Luke
Part 6: The Great Tribulation (GT)
Part 7: The Coming of Lord (LAST-SEWIC)
Part 8: The Illustration of the Fig Tree

Revelation And Its Mysteries
Updated: Time, Times And A Half (3 ½ or 2 ½ Times?) Daniel’s 1290 and 1335 Days
The Man and His Number (Tav Resh Samech Vav) Revelation 12

The Red Dragon, Composite Beast, and Scarlet Beast of Revelation

The 4 Living Creatures And The 24 Elders

 

 

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2300 Evenings and Mornings

NOTE: Please bear with the poor English of the author of this article and be it known that this article is still a work in progress.

The “Vision”

The “vision” that appeared to Daniel apparently started with the portrayal of a ram in v3 which emblematizes the Medo-Persian Empire.

Dan 8:1-4 KJV
(1)  In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.
(2)  And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
(3)  Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
(4)  I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

(Dan 8:20 KJV)  The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

According to secular history, Cyrus, the first Medo-Persian king, captured Babylon on 539 BC.

The 2300 evening morning period is reckoned in two ways by students of the Bible:

  1. as 1150 days/years or
  2. as 2300 days/years.

If we will calculate 2300 evenings and mornings from 539 BC, the corresponding results would be:

1150 days (no year “zero”):
539 BC + 1150 = 611 AD

2300 days (no year “zero”):
539 BC + 2300 = 1761 AD

Does any of them make sense?

Some people place the start of the vision of the 2300 at the time of the little horn of v9 which the following verse seems to support:

(Dan 8:26 KJV)  And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days. 

Here is another translation of the same verse:

(Dan 8:26 YLT)  And the appearance of the evening and of the morning, that is told, is true; and thou, hide thou the vision, for it is after many days.’

The verse seems to be telling that the start of the count of the vision of the 2300 is not at the time of Cyrus who captured Babylon at the time of Belshazzar because the latter’s reign if reckoned as a day for a year would not be many. But, does the count really start with the little horn (v9) who is believe to be coming out in our near future? Let’s study the other verses.

Dan 8:1-2 KJV+
(1)  In the thirdH7969 yearH8141 of the reignH4438 of kingH4428 BelshazzarH1112 a visionH2377 appearedH7200 untoH413 me, even unto meH589 Daniel,H1840 after thatH310 which appearedH7200 untoH413 me at the first.H8462
(2)  And I sawH7200 in a vision;H2377 and it came to pass,H1961 when I saw,H7200 that IH589 was at ShushanH7800 in the palace,H1002 whichH834 is in the provinceH4082 of Elam;H5867 and I sawH7200 in a vision,H2377 and IH589 wasH1961 byH5921 the riverH180 of Ulai.H195

A vision appeared to Daniel. The Hebrew word “vision” (H2377) at the 1st and 2nd verses has no definite article prefixed to it but this same particular word (H2377) is written with a definite article which is prefixed to it in verses 13, 15, 17, and 26. [Only in v1 and v2 that this word has no definite article.] Here’s a quote about Hebrew definite articles from Learn Biblical Hebrew:

Lesson 1.1: The Definite Article

A noun in both English and Hebrew will be either definite or indefinite. A definite noun is a specific instance of the noun suc as “that horse“, “Jim’s horse“, “the horse“). An indefinite noun, by contrast is a non-specific instance (“a horse“). Definite and indefinite nouns in Biblical Hebrew are expressed slightly differently relative to English. In Hebrew there is no indefinite article. In other words, biblical Hebrew does not have a counterpart to the English indefinite article, ‘a’ or ‘an’.

–  http://learn-biblical-hebrew.com/lessons/lesson-1-articles/lesson-1-1-definite-article/

It can now be grammatically realized that the scope of the definite “vision” (H2377) mentioned in verses 13, 15, 17, and 26 does not necessarily have to encompass the whole of the said indefinite “vision” (H2377) in v1-2 and this can be seen in the last clause of v14 which reads:

(Dan 8:14 KJV)  And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

The clause is clearly not part of the definite vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings. It belongs to another timeframe that occurs AFTER the definite one but it’s part of vision (not definite) that Daniel said in v1-2 to have appeared to him.

Now, aside from the Hebrew word H2377 which is rendered as “vision” in the whole chapter (KJV), there is another Hebrew word rendered also as “vision” by several translations of the Old Testament. This is the Hebrew word H4758 which can be found in verses 16, 26, and 27. Here is its definition:

H4758
מראה
mar’eh
BDB Definition:
1) sight, appearance, vision
1a) sight, phenomenon, spectacle, appearance, vision
1b) what is seen
1c) a vision (supernatural)
1d) sight, vision (power of seeing)
Part of Speech: noun masculine
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: from H7200

This word came from H7200 which is a verb and H7200 was translated as “appeared” in v1 in the KJV and as “saw” in the other parts of chapter 8. Here is its definition:

H7200
ראה
râ’âh
BDB Definition:
1) to see, look at, inspect, perceive, consider
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to see
1a2) to see, perceive
1a3) to see, have vision
1a4) to look at, see, regard, look after, see after, learn about, observe, watch, look upon, look out, find out
1a5) to see, observe, consider, look at, give attention to, discern, distinguish
1a6) to look at, gaze at
1b) (Niphal)
1b1) to appear, present oneself
1b2) to be seen
1b3) to be visible
1c) (Pual) to be seen
1d) (Hiphil)
1d1) to cause to see, show
1d2) to cause to look intently at, behold, cause to gaze at
1e) (Hophal)
1e1) to be caused to see, be shown
1e2) to be exhibited to
1f) (Hithpael) to look at each other, face
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: a primitive root

The question now is: when did the definite vision (H2377) of 2300 evenings mornings in v13 start?

The Definite Vision

Let’s study the passages that could help Daniel understand what he saw.

(Dan 8:16 KJV)  And I heardH8085 a man’sH120 voiceH6963 betweenH996 the banks of Ulai,H195 which called,H7121 and said,H559 Gabriel,H1403 make thisH1975 man to understandH995 (H853) the vision.H4758

Gabriel was told to make Daniel understand the vision. The word “vision” rendered by the KJV in this verse is not the word “vision” (H2377) in the question in v13. The word “vision” in v16 is the noun H4758 which came from the verb H7200. In other words, Gabriel was told to make Daniel understand what he had seen, that is, maybe, the vision (H2377) from v3 up to v12 including the cleansing of the place of the sanctuary in v14, not just the definite vision.

Gabriel obeyed what was commanded to him:

(Dan 8:17 KJV)  So he cameH935 nearH681 where I stood:H5977 and when he came,H935 I was afraid,H1204 and fellH5307 uponH5921 my face:H6440 but he saidH559 untoH413 me, Understand,H995 O sonH1121 of man:H120 forH3588 at the timeH6256 of the endH7093 shall be the vision.H2377

The word “vision” in this verse is definite and it is the same definite “vision” asked in v13 – the definite vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings. What Gabriel told to Daniel should help him understand the appearance (H4758) he had seen (H7200). That could include the understanding of the structure of the whole indefinite vision and the relative position within it of the definite one.

In the translation of v17 above, it is said that the definite vision is for the time of the end. That should help Daniel understand the appearance (H4758) if that is the correct rendering. Is that really correct? Let’s look at the Hebrew noun “time” (H6256) used in the verse:

H6256
עֵת

‛êth
ayth
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.: –    + after, [al-] ways, X certain, + continually, + evening, long, (due) season, so [long] as, [even-, evening-, noon-] tide, ([meal-], what) time, when.

Look at the the two Hebrew characters that consist the word for “time” – עֵת. Together, they make up the root or lexeme word of “time” but in v17, the word is prefixed with another Hebrew character – ל – it is the 12th letter which is named as “Lamed” or “Lamedh.” Below is a quote from Wikipedia about the Hebrew letter: 

As a prefix, it can have two purposes:

  • It can be attached to verb roots, designating the infinitive (Daber means “speak”, Ledaber means to speak).
  • It can also act as a preposition meaning “to” or “for” [emphasis added].  –

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamedh#Significance

The word לעת which is already prefixed with Lamed can mean “for era” or “to era.” Below is the Hebrew rendering of Dan 8:17 followed by an alternate English rendering:

(Dan 8:17 Hebrew OT)  ויבא אצל עמדי ובבאו נבעתי ואפלה על־פני ויאמר אלי הבן בן־אדם כי לעת־קץ החזון׃

(Dan 8:17)  So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for to-time-of end shall be the vision.

NOTE: The conjunction “for” after the word “man” in the verse is not part of “to-time-of.” The word “for” numbered as H3588 is translated as “that” in other Bible versions.

“To time of end” means “until end.” Which is correct:

“Understand, O son of man: that for-time-of end shall be the vision.”

or

“Understand, O son of man: that to-time-of end shall be the vision.”?

Is the definite vision (H2377) of the 2300 evenings and mornings still future in our time (June 2018)?

(Dan 7:7 KJV)  After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.
(Dan 7:8 KJV)  I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.

It can be seen from the passage above that stamping precedes the coming out of the little horn before whom three of the ten horns were plucked up. At the time of the ten horns, the beast would be on its 7th head (read Revelation chapter 17), so, there’s a trampling that occurs before the 7th head of the beast.

What about the two verses below? Aren’t they telling of a trampling at the time of the 7th head of the beast?

(Rev 13:5 KJV)  And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.

(Rev 11:2 KJV)  But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

APPARENTLY  they are, but obviously it is not for 2300 days or 1150 days. Before we tackle these two verses, let’s go back first to our main topic so that the reader doesn’t have to wait in suspense. Here again is Dan 8:17 with the preposition “to”:

(Dan 8:17)  So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: that to-time-of end shall be the vision.

Gabriel told Daniel to UNDERSTAND and he gives an ending delimiter to the definite vision. Surely, that would help Daniel understand what he had seen if he knew the time of the end. Now, is there a starting delimeter? Seemingly, there is. Verse 17 contains information regarding the ending delimiter and the word “understand” numbered H995. In v5, the word “understanding” or “considering” with the same Strong’s number is also present.

(Dan 8:5 KJV+)  And as IH589 wasH1961 considering,H995 behold,H2009 an he goatH6842 H5795 cameH935 fromH4480 the westH4628 onH5921 the faceH6440 of the wholeH3605 earth,H776 and touchedH5060 notH369 the ground:H776 and the goatH6842 had a notableH2380 hornH7161 betweenH996 his eyes.H5869

Unlike in Dan 7:7-8, it is not mentioned above what Daniel is considering or understanding. Below is a parsed version of the verse above and it’s more reliable.

(Hebrew is read from right to left.) The clause containing “considering” or “understanding” is written after the initial vision of the ram but before the vision of the goat. It can be said that Daniel started to be considering or discerning at that moment. Remember that verse 26 seems to be telling that the start of the count of the definite vision of the 2300 is not at the time of Cyrus. Could it be that its beginning is at the time of the goat? Let’s look at history. Here is a quote from Wikipedia:

During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until age 16. After Philip’s assassination in 336 BC, he succeeded his father to the throne and inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father’s pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia.[4][5] In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Following the conquest of Anatolia, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety.[b] At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great

A quote from Britannica.com

In spring 334 he crossed the Dardanelles, leaving Antipater, who had already faithfully served his father, as his deputy in Europe with over 13,000 men; he himself commanded about 30,000 foot and over 5,000 cavalry, of whom nearly 14,000 were Macedonians and about 7,000 allies sent by the Greek League.

–  https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alexander-the-Great

Now, below is a quote from Adam Clarke’s Commentary:

Daniel 8:14

Unto two thousand and three hundred days – Though literally it be two thousand three hundred evenings and mornings. Yet I think the prophetic day should be understood here, as in other parts of this prophet, and must signify so many years. If we date these years from the vision of the he-goat, (Alexander’s invading Asia), this was A.M. 3670, b.c. 334; and two thousand three hundred years from that time will reach to a.d. 1966, or one hundred and forty-one years from the present a.d. 1825. This will bring it near to the time mentioned Dan_7:25 (note), where see the note.

–  Adam Clarke

His comment on Dan 8:14 was a prediction because it is indicated in it the year he made his comment, A.D. 1825, 142 years before the Six Day War which occurred in 1967 AD. His computation does not include year “zero” between 1 BC and 1 AD. Was he correct, wrong, or short of just a year? Let’s examine “evenings and mornings.” In the first chapter of Genesis it is written:

Gen 1:3-5 KJV+
(3)  And GodH430 said,H559 Let there beH1961 light:H216 and there wasH1961 light.H216
(4)  And GodH430 sawH7200 (H853) the light,H216 thatH3588 it was good:H2896 and GodH430 dividedH914 H996 the lightH216 fromH996 the darkness.H2822
(5)  And GodH430 calledH7121 the lightH216 Day,H3117 and the darknessH2822 he calledH7121 Night.H3915 And the eveningH6153 and the morningH1242 wereH1961 the firstH259 day.H3117

It is written here how the Hebrew “day” (H3117) was defined as “evening and morning.” The word H3117 can also mean the day part of a 24 hour day. Let’s go back to the vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings.

(Dan 8:26 KJV+)  And the visionH4758 of the eveningH6153 and the morningH1242 whichH834 was toldH559 is true:H571 wherefore shut thou upH859 H5640 the vision;H2377 forH3588 it shall be for manyH7227 days.H3117

The Hebrew word used for “days” in the verse above is the same Hebrew word in Gen 1:5. Also the Hebrew words for “evenings” and “mornings” in Dan 8:14 are the same words used in Gen 1:5. So, whether the last clause of Dan 8:26 above means “for it shall be for many days” or “for it is after many days” as rendered by other Bible versions, the word “days” could be a hint as to the reckoning of “evenings and mornings” in v14 – 2300 prophetic days/years and not 1150.

In Genesis chapter 1, an evening and a morning denote a particular day. If we will treat the 2300 evenings and mornings in the same manner and make 334-333 BC the 1st particular day/year, the 2300th day/year would be on 1966-1967 AD (no year “zero”). We should use the calendar God gave to Israel.

Exo 12:1-2 KJV
(1)  And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
(2)  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Exo 13:3-4 KJV
(3)  And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
(4)  This day came ye out in the month Abib.

Exodus chapters 12 and 13 are part of a continuous passage.

The month of Abib is also known as “Nisan.” A quote from Wikipedia:

Nisan (or NissanHebrewנִיסָן‎, Standard Nisan Tiberian Nîsān) on the Assyrian calendar is the first month, and on the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year. The name of the month is of AssyrianBabylonian origin; in the Torah it is called the month of the Aviv. (e.g. Exodus 13:4 בְּחֹ֖דֶשׁ הָאָבִֽיב ḥōḏeš hā-’āḇîḇAssyrians today refer to the month as the “month of happiness.” It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan usually falls in March–April on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther in the Tanakh it is referred to as Nisan. Karaite Jews interpret it as referring to the month in which barley was ripe.

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nisan

This spring month usually falls on March-April.

The 2300th year occurred from March 22, 1966 to April 10, 1967 (Hebcal). In the very next day/year after the 2300th day/year, on the 26th day of the 2nd month (Iyyar) of God’s calendar which is June 5, 1967 in the Gregorian, the Six Day War started. Below is a short quote from www.brittannica. com:

Six-Day War, also called June War or Third Arab-Israeli War, brief war that took place June 5–10, 1967, and was the third of the Arab-Israeli warsIsrael’s decisive victory included the capture of the Sinai PeninsulaGaza StripWest Bank, Old City of Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights; the status of these territories subsequently became a major point of contention in the Arab-Israeli conflict.

–  https://www.britannica.com/event/Six-Day-War

A quote from Wikipedia:

Impact of reunification on worship

Reunification ended the programmatic Islamization of Jerusalem by the government of Jordan, a policy that had included the destruction of dozens of synagogues; the imposition of Arabic-language, government-issued textbooks in Christian schools; a ban on the purchase of property by churches; a ban on church funding of social and medical services, including hospitals; and a complete ban on visits to Jewish holy places by Jewish pilgrims.

Freedom of worship by members of all faiths was restored immediately following reunification.

The narrow, approximately 120 square metres (1,300 sq ft) pre-1948 alley along the wall used informally for Jewish prayer was enlarged to 2,400 square metres (26,000 sq ft), with the entire Western Wall Plaza covering 20,000 square metres (4.9 acres).[7]In later years, synagogues demolished during the Jordanian rule, including the Hurva Synagogue were rebuilt.[8]

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reunification_of_Jerusalem#Impact_of_reunification

The unification of Jerusalem in June 1967 AD signals the end of the 2300 evenings and mornings and the start of the cleansing/restoration of the Sanctuary or Holy Place but it is not an instant process; it is still going on even at our time. There are still structures in the Temple Mount that ought not to be there.

The time frame of the restoration/cleansing is not part of the definite vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings and according to what has been presented so far in this article, it can be inferred that this time frame correspondingly includes some events made known to Daniel by Gabriel – the bold lettered sentence in the following verse:

(Dan 8:25 KJV)  And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

According to the above calculations, Islam is the power that we should look at since it’s the one pointed to by the actual completion of the duration of the 2300 evenings and mornings but there are some things that must be considered. The reader could skip the next topic (read it later) and go directly to the topic “The Little Horn” if he/she chooses to do so.

…to the time of the end

When is the time of the End? This is a mystery but it can be known in the pages of the Holy Scriptures and History.

(Mat 24:15 KJV)  When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)

The construction of the Dome of the Rock was the fulfillment of the setting up of the abomination that desolates. At that time it was already time of the end! Yes, it was and there are solid proofs. Read the following short articles:

Daniel’s 1290 and 1335 Days

An interesting short article which tells when the time of the end comes.

Olivet Prophecy: Part 1

This is a short introductory section of the whole article written to help the reader understand the other sections.

Olivet Prophecy: Part 3

(Mat 24:6 KJV)  And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet.

Olivet Prophecy: Part 4

(Mat 24:14 KJV)  And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.

Let’s continue with our topic.

(Dan 8:19 KJV)  And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

There seems to be an error in the KJV rendering of the verse, here’s another translation of it:

(Dan 8:19 MKJV)  And he said, Behold, I will make you know what shall happen in the last end of the indignationH2195. For it is for the time appointed for the end.

It is within the appointed time frame of the end the latter part of the indignation will occur.

What “indignationH2195” in the verse above is meant? There are other Hebrew words for indignation as well as for wrath, anger, and fury that can be found in the Bible: H5678, H639, H2740, H7110, H2534, H3708. Now, read a verse from the 11th Chapter of Daniel:

(Dan 11:36 KJV)  And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignationH2195 be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.

The “indignation” in the two verses above are one and the same Hebrew word – H2195. If this indignation is the Wrath of God that consists of the symbolic treading of the Great Winepress (Rev 14:18-20), and the Seven Last Plagues (Rev 16:1-21) which will culminate in the Day of the Lord, would the king (Dan 11:36) prosper till the wrath be accomplished completely? Clearly, it’s a NO!!!

Jer 30:23-24 KJV
(23)  Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind: it shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked.
(24)  The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have done it, and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it.

The “indignation” in Dan 8:19 and 11:36 is not the Wrath of God which will culminate in the Day of the Lord. Even just at the starting part of the Wrath of God, the king or the little horn will surely stop progressing.

Many Bible Commentators say that the said indignation (Dan 8:19, 11:36) is God’s anger towards the House of Israel and the House of Judah. The author doesn’t know when this indignation of God against them started. But maybe, just maybe, it ended after the time of Jacob’s Trouble (Jer 30:7), after World War 2 which is the last part of the Great Tribulation. (Read The Great Tribulation GT.) That was over 70 years ago at the time of this writing and almost all of us know that the 7th head of the Beast has not yet arrived. When he arrives, he will still progress (read the next paragraph), then, after his appointed time, the Wrath of God (Jer 30:23-24) will come which he won’t get pass through progressing.

In Dan 8:19, it is written that Gabriel will make Daniel know what shall be in the last end of the indignation and from v20 up to v25 he explained what Daniel had seen. Now, if we will look closer we will see that what he explained in v20-22 are surely not part of the last end of the indignation, are they? The last end of the indignation would occur within the appointed time of the end. Now, could it be that the last sentence in the following verse is also not part of the last end of the indignationH2195 because the indignationH2195 of God toward the Houses of Israel and Judah is already past at that time?

(Dan 8:25 ISV)  Through his skill he’ll cause deceit to prosper under his leadership. He’ll promote himself and will destroy many while they are secure. He’ll take a stand against the Prince of Princes, yet he’ll be crushed without human help.

A Pattern?

The textual structure of the whole indefinite vision (v3-v14) and the relative position within it of the definite one (v5-v12)…

have a resemblance with…

the textual structure of the whole explanation (v20-v25c) and the relative position within it of the events of “last end of the indignation” (v23-v25b).

The Historical Interpretation

The Four Kingdoms after Alexander

(Dan 8:8 KJV)  Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
(Dan 8:9 KJV)  And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

The word “them” in the last verse is understood to mean the four kingdoms into which Alexander’s kingdom was divided. History tells about the places in time of these four kingdoms.

305 BC – 30 BC

312 BC–63 BC

282 BC–133 BC

306 BC – 168 BC

Note that the Ptolemaic Kingdom was the last to become dissolved. Now read the passage below:

(Dan 8:22 KJV)  Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
(Dan 8:23 KJV)  And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

At the time of the little horn or the king of fierce countenance, the four kingdoms of the four notable ones are written in v23 as a singular “kingdom” and this can’t be the Seleucid Kingdom. This disqualifies Antiochus IV Epiphanes to be the “little horn” of v9 because at his time as king of the Seleucid Kingdom (175 BC until his death in 164 BC), the Ptolemaic Kingdom was still existing and it even outlived his kingdom. But even the Ptolemaic Kingdom couldn’t be “their kingdom” in v23 because at its time, no king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences had ever stood up.

The Fulness of the Falling Away

Continuing to the 2nd clause of v23, KJV, RV, and ASV rendered it as:

“when the transgressors are come to the full”

The clause is rendered differently by different translators of the Old Testament. Here are some of the other renderings

ISV: “as the desecrations proceed”

YLT: “about the perfecting of the transgressors”

ESV: “when the transgressors have reached their limit”

Will the king of fierce countenance stand only when the transgressors are already come to the full? Isn’t this king a transgressor also and by his skill, will cause a great number of people to transgress? Let’s consider “dark sentences” included in the verse; here is its definition:

H2420 חידה chı̂ydâh
BDB Definition:
1) riddle, difficult question, parable, enigmatic saying or question, perplexing saying or question
1a) riddle (dark obscure utterance)
1b) riddle, enigma (to be guessed)
1c) perplexing questions (difficult)
1d) double dealing (with ‘havin’)
Part of Speech: noun feminine

This word occurs 17 times in the Old Testament according to e-Sword Bible search program.

Below are two passages where the particular Hebrew word was used by God Himself to describe a KIND of His sayings:

Num 12:6-8 RV
(6)  And he said, Hear now my words: if there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, I will speak with him in a dream.
(7)  My servant Moses is not so; he is faithful in all mine house:
(8)  with him will I speak mouth to mouth, even manifestly, and not in dark speeches (H2420); and the form of the LORD shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant, against Moses?

Eze 17:1-3 KJV
(1)  And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
(2)  Son of man, put forth a riddle (H2420), and speak a parable unto the house of Israel;
(3)  And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; A great eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had divers colours, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar:

“Dark sayings” could be prophecies spoken by God. It could also mean the Law or the Torah:

Psa 78:1-2 KJV
(1)  Maschil of Asaph. Give ear, O my people, to my law (H8451): incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
(2)  I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings (H2420) of old:

The word “law” (H8451) in v1 is: 

H8451 תֹּרָה    תּוֹרָה
tôrâh    tôrâh
to-raw’, to-raw’
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch: – law.

In the New Testament, the Lord Yeshua spoke in parables:

(Mat 13:13 KJV)  Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.

The king or little horn is skilled in understanding the Holy Scriptures!!! Isn’t that what the last part of Dan 8:23 tells? Maybe he is in the know also of other sources of dark sayings.

Now, for what purpose would the mentioning of “understanding dark sentences” serve in v23? Look at the definition of the Hebrew word for “transgressors” below:

H6586 פָּשַׁע
pâsha‛ paw-shah’
A primitive root (rather identical with H6585 through the idea of expansion); to break away (from just authority), that is, trespass, apostatize, quarrel: – offend, rebel, revolt, transgress (-ion, -or).

(The word is basically a verb, a primitive root, and it is from this word that the noun “transgression” (H6588) in v12 and v13 is derived.)

Isn’t “to apostatize” the correct rendering of “transgressors” (H6586) in Dan 8:23? The king of fierce countenance is the son of perdition:

2Th 2:3-12 KJV
(3)  Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;
(4)  Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

He is also the king in Daniel 11:36-39:

Dan 11:36-37 KJV
(36)  And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
(37)  Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.

Let’s have a look at a parsed version of v23

Note that the “ones” in “the.ones-transgressing” is just an indicator of plurality (not the doer of transgressing). That is the explanation in the documentation of Concordant Hebrew English Sublinear:

plurals are rendered with the addition of the word ones (e.g., Ex. 25:20, סככים [skkim], ‘ones-overshadowing’).

–  http://www.scripture4all.org/help/isa3/textinfo/interlinear/HOT/CHES.html

 The quote can be found in: (2) The verbal system\ Participles.

Rendering the 2nd clause of v23 similar to but contextually different from the parsed version could be as thus:

(Dan 8:23) And in the latter time of their kingdom, as.to-come to the full-of the.things-apostatizing, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

(The “things” in “the.things-apostatizing” is an indicator of plurality.)

Now, consider and examine the appropriateness of the 2nd clause in relation to “understanding dark sentences” of the 3rd clause. The king, by his skill in dark sentences will cause the fulness of apostasies. Maybe, Gnosticism which is said to have begun in the 1st century was one of the earlier apostasies but it was not what is meant as desolating apostasy in v13. The most effective way of causing a great apostasy among the Jews and Christians is by twisting the source or teachings of their faith, the Old and the New Testaments, and forcing it to them in some way or another; that would require skill in dark sayings and political/military power.

The little Horn

Some people say that this king is the Papacy but Islam is the power that we should look at since it’s the one pointed to by the actual completion of the duration of the 2300 evenings and mornings. Let’s now go back to Dan 8:9 with the knowledge that at the time of the little horn, the kingdom of Greece is just one single kingdom, not four.

Note that the word “one” has a definite article which is missing from most English translations. Now, look at the transliteration of the Hebrew form of “from.them” (m.em). The “em” is “them”. The single character ‘m’ at the first position is a prefix and it is the Hebrew letter mem; it was translated above as “from.” According to M. Wittenberg, “min” is defined as “a preposition which contracts into “mem”. Read also The Preposition Min (from Hebrew for Christians) which states that the preposition min “appearing both as an independent preposition and as an inseparable preposition.”

Now, here’s Strong’s definition of min:

H4480 מִנֵּי    מִנִּי   מִן
min    minnı̂y    minnêy
min, min-nee’, min-nay’
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses: – above, after, among, at, because of, by (reason of), from (among), in, X neither, X nor, (out) of, over, since, X then, through, X whether, with.

Verse 9 could be translated as thus:

(Dan 8:9)  And from the one after them came forth a little horn, which grew exceedingly great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

Historically, it was the Roman Empire who followed the last of the four kingdoms of Greece. It was founded on 27 BC with Rome as its capital. It is said, though not clear, that ancient Greeks and Romans are racially related to each other. Even if that is true, the author believes the Roman Empire based in Rome is not the prophesied single Greek kingdom at the time of the little horn. But the Roman Empire was divided in half. A quote from Ancient History Encyclopedia:

This period, also known as The Imperial Crisis, was characterized by constant civil war, as various military leaders fought for control of the empire. The crisis has been further noted by historians for widespread social unrest, economic instability (fostered, in part, by the devaluation of Roman currency by the Severans), and, finally, the dissolution of the empire which broke into three separate regions. The empire was reunited by Aurelian (270-275 CE) whose policies were further developed and improved upon by Diocletian who established the Tetrarchy (the rule of four) to maintain order throughout the empire.

Even so, the empire was still so vast that Diocletian divided it in half in 285 CE to facilitate more efficient administration. In so doing, he created the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire (also known as the Byzantine Empire).

–  https://www.ancient.eu/Roman_Empire/

Byzantine Empire

A word from Wikipedia about the empire:

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.[2] During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both “Byzantine Empire” and “Eastern Roman Empire” are historiographical terms created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire as the Roman Empire (GreekΒασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίωνtr. Basileia tôn RhōmaiōnLatinImperium Romanum),[3] or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as “Romans”.[4]

Several signal events from the 4th to 6th centuries mark the period of transition during which the Roman Empire’s Greek East and Latin West divided. Constantine I (r. 324–337) reorganised the empire, made Constantinople the new capital, and legalised Christianity. Under Theodosius I (r. 379–395), Christianity became the Empire’s official state religion and other religious practices were proscribed. Finally, under the reign of Heraclius (r. 610–641), the Empire’s military and administration were restructured and adopted Greek for official use instead of Latin.[5] Thus, although the Roman state continued and its traditions were maintained, modern historians distinguish Byzantium from ancient Rome insofar as it was centred on Constantinople, oriented towards Greek rather than Latin culture, and characterised by Orthodox Christianity.[4]  

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Empire

Who were the “Byzantines?”

According to Wikipedia, they were:

The Byzantine Greeks (or Byzantines) were the Greek or Hellenized people of the Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire) during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages who spoke medieval Greek and were Orthodox Christians.[1] They were the main population of Byzantium, especially inhabiting the lands of ConstantinopleAsia Minor (modern Turkey), the Aegean islandsCyprus, and portions of the southern Balkans with large minorities, or pluralities, in the coastal urban centres of the Levant and northern Egypt. Throughout their history, the Byzantine Greeks self-identified as Romans (GreekῬωμαῖοιtranslit. Rhōmaîoi), but are referred to as “Byzantines” and “Byzantine Greeks” in modern historiography.

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Greeks

Another quote from Wikipedia again:

The “Byzantines” did not only refer to themselves as Rhomaioi in order to retain both their Roman citizenship and their ancient Hellenic heritage. In fact, the overwhelming majority of the “Byzantines” themselves were very conscious of their uninterrupted continuity with the ancient Greeks. Even though the ancient Greeks were not Christians, the “Byzantines” still regarded them as their ancestors.

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_the_Greeks#Hellenic_continuity_and_Byzantine_consciousness

So, the Byzantine Empire could possibly be the single kingdom of the Greeks at the time of the king of fierce countenance in Dan 8:23. It was during this empire’s time Islam came out and rose to power. The author thinks that the Byzantine Empire has prophetically met the requirements of Daniel 8 except for one thing – the traditional origin of Islam, Mecca, lies outside of the realm of the empire. Below is a map of Byzantine and Sassanid Empires in 600 CE from Wikipedia:

(Click the map to enlarge)

Mecca is located at the western part of the Arabian Peninsula – somewhere in the Quraysh area. It was also there, according to traditional history, where Muhammad was born. BUT there are studies being made that disprove that place of origin of Islam.

The book Sacred City of Dan Gibson was refuted by David A King in his article From Petra back to Makka – From “Pibla” back to Qibla

Dan Gibson answered it with his Response to David King with attached article

There are also people who think that Jerusalem was the original Quibla. Palmyra in Syria and the Valley of Baca (Psalm 84:6) are also among the places believe to be the first Quibla before it was change to point to Mecca in southern Arabia.

It’s up to the reader to decide. As for me, the evidences in almost every aspect shown in the video documentary are overwhelming. The discovery of Dan Gibson makes the far more realistic place of origin of Islam, Petra, WITHIN the realm of the latter time kingdom of the Greeks (as Roman citizens).

(Click the map to enlarge)

The city of Petra can be found in the right side, in the mid lower part.

(Dan 8:9)  And from the one after them came forth a little horn, which grew exceedingly great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

From Petra, the “south” could be the entire Arabian Peninsula, the Negev, or Egypt. The “east” could be Mesopotamia and/or the lands of the Persian Empire.

The “land” after the word “pleasant” in v9 is not really there in the Hebrew manuscripts, it was added by the KJV. The third direction given in v9 “pleasant land” was omitted or rendered differently by different Old Testament manuscripts, here are some of them:

  • Syriac Old Testament: toward the south and toward the east
  • Brenton’s English Septuagint: toward the south, and toward the host
  • Arabic Old Testament: toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pride of the lands (Google translate)
  • Apostolic Bible Polyglot: towards the south, and towards the east, and towards the setting of the sun

The author doesn’t know the correct rendering of the third direction but none of them disqualified Muhammad as the little horn.

(Dan 8:24 ESV)  His power shall be great—but not by his own power; and he shall cause fearful destruction and shall succeed in what he does, and destroy mighty men and the people who are the saints.

Mighty men of his days – the Byzantine and Persian empires!

It’s now becoming apparent that the time of the little horn or king of fierce countenance does not fit to the lifetime of Muhammad. According to tradition, he died in the year 632 AD (this is doubtful) whereas, the king is said in v25 to rise up against the Prince of princes and that will be at the latter’s coming in power and great glory.

So, the “king of fierce countenance” is a line of kings just like in the narrative of Dan 11 concerning the two lines of kings – king of the north and king of the south.

He Magnified Himself even to the Prince of the Host …

There are lot’s of articles in the Internet that show how Muhammad boasted even to the Prince of host, here is one:

50 Proofs Muhammad is the antichrist

In so many ways, Muhammad did boast or magnify himself to the Lord Yeshua!

Trodden Under Foot:

(Dan 8:13 KJV)  Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

Historically, the peoples who trampled or caused the place of the Sanctuary to be trampled were:

  1. Greek Seleucid Empire (Antiochus IV Epiphanes)
  2. The Romans
  3. The Muslims

All the three peoples mentioned above ruled Jerusalem inside the time frame of the 2300 evenings and mornings, from 334/333 BC to 1966/1967 AD but it was at the time of the Muslims that the said time frame had consummated.

“To be trodden under foot” has a figurative meaning:

H4823 מִרְמָס
mirmâs
meer-mawce’
From H7429; abasement (the act or the thing): – tread (down) -ing, (to be) trodden (down) under foot.
Total KJV occurrences: 7

When Islam spread in the Middle East, including Jerusalem, Christians and Jews within the realm of the Islamic Empire were subjected to Dhimmi Laws which were said to be humiliating and degrading.

DHIMMI

Living under these laws is like BEING STAMPED OR TRAMPLED? Here’s a quote from New World Encyclopedia:

dhimmi ([ðimi]; Arabic: ذمي, meaning “protected person”) refers to specific individuals living in Muslim lands, who were granted special status and safety in Islamic law in return for paying the capital tax. This status was originally only made available to non-Muslims who were People of the Book, namely, Jews and Christians), but was later extended to include Zoroastrians, Mandeans, and, in some areas, Hindus[1] and Buddhists.[2] The term connotes an obligation of the state to protect the individual, including the individual’s life, property, and freedom of religion and worship, and required loyalty to the empire, and a poll tax known as the jizya. Dhimmi had fewer legal and social rights than Muslims, but more rights than other non-Muslim religious subjects.[3] This status applied to millions of people living from the Atlantic Ocean to India from the seventh century until modern times.[4][5]

Conversion by a dhimmi to Islam was generally easy, and almost without exception emancipated the new convert from all legal impairments of his previous dhimmi status. Violently forced conversion was rare or unknown in early Islamic history, but increased in frequency in later centuries, such as in the Almohad dynasty of North Africa and al-Andalus.[5]

–  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Dhimmi

Another quote from Encyclopedia of Judaism:

Dhimmi Laws

Laws fixing the status of Jews and other religious minorities in Muslim lands. In principle, Jews and Christians were accorded the status of “protected” people (i.e. dhimmi), being recognized as People of the Book (ahl al-kitab). As such, they were permitted to practice their religion, own property, and carry on trade and were exempted from military service. In return they were obliged to acknowledge the superiority of Islam and subjected to numerous and often humiliating disabilities, including special taxes, dress codes, restrictions on riding animals, etc., the upshot of which was to relegate the Jews and other minorities to the status of second-class citizens.

–  Encyclopedia of Judaism

From the time that the Muslims had taken Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire in 637 AD except for the times that the city was under the Crusaders, the “host” were trodden under foot until the liberation and unification of Jerusalem in June 1967. The place of the Sanctuary was literally trodden down by people who should not be there.

It should be noted that the word “Sanctuary” occurs three times in the whole chapter 8 of Daniel. One of them which has Strong’s number H4720 is in v11 while the other two which have the same number H6944 can be found in v13 and v14. It’s possible that the word “Sanctuary” in v13 and v14 means “Holy Place” which was a part of the 1st and 2nd Sanctuary. [“Holy Place” could be referring to the whole Temple Mount.] Below are the definitions of H6944:

H6944 קֹדֶשׁ
qôdesh
ko’-desh
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity: – consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary.

Continual or Daily:

It is very important to note that the word “sacrifice” or “burnt-offering” after the word “daily” in v13 is not part of or included in the Hebrew manuscripts. The word “sacrifice” or “burnt-offering” was just inserted by the translators of the Old Testament, that’s why it’s italicized in the King James Version and in some other translations.

“Continual” or “daily” (v13) could mean “continual burnt offering:”

Exo 29:41-42 KJV
(41)  And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
(42)  This shall be a continual(H8548) burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.

It could also mean “continual incense:”

Exo 30:7-8 KJV
(7)  And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.
(8)  And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual (H8548) incense before the LORD throughout your generations.

As continual incense, it could also be a continual, perpetual, or daily prayer:

(Psa 141:2 KJV)  Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Luk 1:9-10 KJV
(9)  According to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.
(10)  And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.

A quote from Adam Clark’s Commentary:

Luke 1:10

The whole multitude – were praying – The incense was itself an emblem of the prayers and praises of the people of God: see Psa_141:2; Rev_8:1. While, therefore, the rite is performing by the priest, the people are employed in the thing signified. Happy the people who attend to the spirit as well as the letter of every divine institution! Incense was burnt twice a day in the temple, in the morning and in the evening, Exo_30:7, Exo_30:8; but the evangelist does not specify the time of the day in which this transaction took place. It was probably in the morning.

–  Adam Clark

Note: Rev 8:1 should be Rev 8:3-4 maybe.

Desolating Apostasy

(Dan 8:13 KJV+)  Then I heardH8085 oneH259 saintH6918 speaking,H1696 and anotherH259 saintH6918 saidH559 unto that certainH6422 saint which spake,H1696 How longH5704 H4970 shall be the visionH2377 concerning the dailyH8548 sacrifice, and the transgressionH6588 of desolation,H8074 to giveH5414 both the sanctuaryH6944 and the hostH6635 to be trodden under foot?H4823

What is transgression of desolation? The Hebrew word for “transgression” has its definition below

H6588 פֶּשַׁע
pesha‛
peh’-shah
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious): – rebellion, sin, transgression, trespassive

The word came from H6586

H6586 פָּשַׁע
pâsha‛
paw-shah’
A primitive root (rather identical with H6585 through the idea of expansion); to break away (from just authority), that is, trespass, apostatize, quarrel: – offend, rebel, revolt, transgress (-ion, -or).

Remember H6586? It is the word used in v23

(Dan 8:23) And in the latter time of their kingdom, as.to-come to the full-of the.things-apostatizing, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Additionally, according to Syriac Electronic Data Retrieval Archive (SEDRA), the definition of the Aramaic word for “falling away” in 2Thess 2:3 is “rebellion, apostasy.” So, Dan 8:13 could be rendered as:

(Dan 8:13)  Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily, and the desolating apostasy, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

The greatest falling away or apostasy that had occurred in the history of Christianity, so far, was at the time of the rise and spread of Islam in the “world.”  Before Islam came out in the early 7th century AD, Christianity had already spread in the known world and it had become the dominant religion. Here’s a timeline map of the spread of Christianity from Wikipedia:

Then Islam supplanted Christianity in “all the world.” Here’s the timeline map of the spread of Islam:

Age of the Caliphs

  Expansion under Muhammad, 622–632/A.H. 1-11
  Expansion during the Rashidun Caliphate, 632–661/A.H. 11-40
  Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750/A.H. 40-129

Apostasy through Dark Sayings

Muhammad is regarded by Muslims as the greatest of all the prophets. The link below discusses how he is prophesied in the Bible by Dr. Zakir Naik:

PROPHET MUHAMMAD (pbuh) IN THE BIBLE

Refuting Zakir Naik on Muhammad in the Bible:

Muhammad used the Bible to apostatize people. Also, he claimed that “revelations” from Allah came to him through the angel Gabriel. A quote from Wikipedia:

According to the traditional narrative, several companions of Muhammad served as scribes and were responsible for writing down the revelations.[13]Shortly after Muhammad’s death, the Quran was compiled by his companions who wrote down and memorized parts of it.[14]

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quran

If one will read the Quran, that person will find that it has many things in common with the Bible. Dark sentences or parables can also be found in the Quran but they are not from the God of the Bible or from his son, the Lord Yeshua, because too many contradictions exist between the two books. It is obvious that the author of the Quran is skilled in dark sayings. Now, watch the video below to know the origins of the Quran:

PLAGIARISM IN THE QURAN:

Written article about plagiarism in the Quran:

Sources of the Quran

Desolating

The great apostasy caused by Muhammad and the line of kings that followed him has brought about the setting up of the abomination that desolates in the Holy Place (late 7th century AD), the Dome of the Rock. Several other Muslim structures were built in the Temple Mount since then.

Below is a link to a historical account of the Temple Mount beginning from the time of the Roman Empire.

Did Jews Abandon the Temple Mount?

Even if the status quo of the Temple Mount at the time of this writing is seemingly not moving in the direction of “and the Sanctuary (or Holy Place) shall be restored or cleansed” (Dan 8:14), the sovereignty of the Temple Mount is already in the hands of the Jews. Also, the trampling on (implementation of the humiliating Dhimmi Laws) of the “host,” had already stopped, at least in Jerusalem.

For further information concerning the king of fierce countenance visit:

The Self Magnified King and the (Strange) God of Fortresses

Trampling for 42 months at the time of the 7th head of the Beast?

It’s time to tackle the two verses below.

(Rev 13:5 KJV)  And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.

(Rev 11:2 KJV)  But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Let’s first discuss Revelation 13:5

The Aramaic word for “continue” has its definition below:

(bd verb G
ˁbd vb. a/e to make, act, do
G
to make Com–(a) to create Syr(a.1) to write Syr–(b) (often w. ˁl, l_) : to transfer ownership OfA-Egypt, OfA-Pers(b.1) to designate, make into JLAtg, Gal–(c) to prepare Syr(c.1) to re-make, repair Syr–(d) to provide, produce Gal, PTA, Syr, JBA(d.1) to amount to, to be equal to Galto be suitable Syr(d.2) to work a field, plant JBA–(e) p.p. : prepared JBA(e.1) w. inf. or relative clause : likely to, apt to JBA(e.2) דעביד  followed by a noun : in the condition of  JBA(e.3) see also s.v. ˁbyd, ˁbydh .
to do, perform, act in a certain manner Com–(a) to pass (time) in a certain way Gal, Syr, Man–(b) to work JBA(b.1) to perform religious service Syr, JBA(b.2) to perform a magical practice Gal, Syr, JBAmb–(c) to fare, prosper Gal(c.1) p.p. id. Gal(c.2) p.p. to suffer Syr+ܒܣܝܡܐܝܬ‏ : to eat in moderation (?)‏ Syr.
to put in charge Jud, Syr.
idiomatic expressions: . –(a) ܐܲܦܸ̈ܐ‏ : to give priority or opportunity‏ Syr–(b) ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܸܗ‏ : to act in someone’s place‏ Syr–(c) w. qrb, etc.: to make war, battle OfA-Pers, BA-Ez, BA-Da–(d) w. reflexive pron. : to pretend, simulate Gal, Syr–(e) ܚܸܘܵܪܵܐ‏ : to become grey‏ Syr–(f) ܚܘܼܒܿܵܐ‏ : to make friends‏ Syr–(g) ܡܸܠܬܵܐ‏ : to speak‏ Syr–(h) ܦܝܣܐ‏ to persuade‏ Syr–(i) ܥܘܼܗܕܵܢܵܐ‏ : to commemorate‏ Syr–(j) פרנסה  : to make a collection for support  Jud–(k) סִתוָא  : to spend the winter  JLAtg.
to ordain Syr–(a) to determine the law Gal.
to force Syr–(a) (gram.) to govern Syr.

In some of its instances, this verb is used with a noun such as “to make war” like in v4 and v7 of the current chapter and book we are into but in v5, the verb has no direct object. It should be understood in the context of the verse or passage it belongs to. Now, isn’t the particular verb “to do” or “to make” referring to the previous part of the verse?

“there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies”

This is confirmed by the very 1st clause of the very next verse:

(Rev 13:6 KJV)  And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.

Rev 13:5 could be rendered as:

And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to do so for forty and two months.

It is NOT for the “giving of the Holy People” the beast (or mouth) was given authority for 42 months – it is for the speaking of great things and blasphemies! In v7 of Rev 13, it can be read:

(Rev 13:7 KJV)  And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.

The beast is AGAIN given power or authority and this time it is to be “over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations” in which the Holy People are included but it will be only after it had made war with and overcome the saints. This is the time duration the “time, times and half of a time” in Dan 7:25 is telling:

(Dan 7:25 KJV)  And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

The time of the “speaking of blasphemies” does not equate with the time the Holy People will be under the authority of the beast or mouth.

– The “speaking” has 42 months.
– The “giving over” has “time, times and half of a time”

It cannot be denied that there is a disparity between these two time frames because of the war but it can be said that a part of the time frame of “speaking” overlaps with a part or whole of the time frame of “giving over.” It is very probable that they will end at the same time and the only possible reason that can be seen now is because of the coming of the wrath of God – the time that the court will sit in Judgment (Dan 7:26), the time that the winepress of the wrath of God will be trodden (Rev 14:20), and the time of the Two Myriads of Myriads Horsemen to inflict the three first plagues (Rev 9:13-21). The “time, times and half of a time” in Dan 7:25 is not equal with the 42 months in Rev 13:5, the former is shorter than the latter. Well, this is not easy to accept as true but it can be proven that they are really not equal in duration. Read the article: TIME, TIMES, AND A HALF (3 1/2 or 2 1/2 Times?). The trampling of Jerusalem for 42 months cannot happen inside the “time of times and half of a time.”

What about the verse below?

(Rev 11:7 KJV)  And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

This verse which is about the Two Witnesses and the Beast seems to confuse our understanding of sequence of events in Revelation. Let’s examine it. In the Peshitta, the word “ascendeth” is also in its present tensethe “bottomless pit” is “sea.” (See the Analysis Page of Rev 11:7) Does the verse tell the beast is ascending only at that point in time? What is obvious is: the beast will make war against the two witnesses. The “ascending” can mean another thing: At that time, the beast is ascending, that is, it is traveling from the symbolic “sea” where it is symbolically residing and it is going to the place where the two witnesses are (symbolic “heaven”) to make war against them. – to Armageddon?

Rev 16:14-16 KJV
(14)  For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.
(15)  Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
(16)  And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

As was said earlier, the trampling of Jerusalem for 42 months cannot happen during this time because it clearly occurs BEFORE the time of the two witnesses according to chapter 11 of Revelation.

Let’s now discuss Revelation 11:2

Rev 11:1-2 KJV
(1)  And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
(2)  But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Aren’t these verses belong to John’s vantage point in time? Let’s try to understand it.

The 6th Trumpet contains the visions of:

  • The Two Myriads of Myriads Horsemen
  • The Mighty Angel with a Little Scroll
  • The Two Witnesses

If we will study the time settings of this Trumpet, it will naturally come to our minds that what John had just seen and heard in the vision of The Two Myriads of Myriads Horsemen is future from his time. In the first three verses of the next vision, The Mighty Angel with a Little Scroll, John continues to narrate what he had just seen and heard which are future then as well. Then in v4, he states that a voice from heaven prevented him from writing what the Seven Thunders had uttered. At that moment, at that part of the 6th Trumpet, the vantage point in time is at John’s time – the time when he was seeing and writing the vision of the 6th Trumpet. In v5-v7, the perspective of time goes back in the future of John – the time of the swearing of the Mighty Angel. After that, the perspective of time once again returns to that of John and remained there up to the mid-part of the next vision – The Two Witnesses. Then, from the 11th verse up to the last verse of that chapter (11), the perspective of time is again owned by the 6th Trumpet.

The passages of the 6th Trumpet that belong to John’s vantage point are:

– Verse 4 of chapter 10

  • Verse 8 of the same chapter (10) up to verse 10 of the next chapter (11)

Although it is viewed from John’s perspective of time, the account of the Two Witnesses (Rev 11:3–10) is the only part of what was told to him that we can be sure will occur at the actual time of the 6th Trumpet because from v11 of chapter 11, he was back in seeing the last part of the 6th Trumpet which was the continuation of what’s has been told to him about the Two Witnesses and that last part clearly belongs to the vantage point of the 6th Trumpet.

How about the trampling of the Holy City in v2?

As can be seen from Rev 11:1-2, the “trampling” is (just) an expounding of the phrase “for it was given to the nations” which in turn is (just) a reason why John should not measure the outside court of the temple. Moreover, the passage belongs to John’s vantage point of time and that could make a difference with respect to the time of occurrence of the “treading on.” It can be stated that unlike with the account of the two witnesses (v3-v10), the “trampling of the Holy City” doesn’t have the sureness that it really happens inside the time frame of the 6th Trumpet. Isn’t it more likely that the “trampling for forty two months” in v2 the “trampling” mentioned in Luke 21:24 which occurred nearer to John’s time and to the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD?

(Luk 21:24 KJV)  And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

Not a few students of the Bible say that the “treading on” in the verse above was fulfilled by the Romans. Even if what the Romans did to Jerusalem in 70 AD can be called “treading under foot,” it was not for forty two months. As for me, it was the Muslims who did fulfill the trampling of Jerusalem which started AFTER most of the Jews were led away captive into all nations. A quote from Wikipedia:

The Siege of Jerusalem was part of a military conflict which took place in the year 637 between the Byzantine Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate. It began when the Rashidun army, under the command of Abu Ubaidah, besieged Jerusalem in November 636. After six months, the Patriarch Sophronius agreed to surrender, on condition that he submit only to the Caliph. In April 637, Caliph Umar traveled to Jerusalem in person to receive the submission of the city. The Patriarch thus surrendered to him.

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_(636%E2%80%93637)

Historically, Jerusalem was conquered by the Muslims in 637 AD and from that time up to the Six Day War in 1967, except for the years 1099 AD to 1187 AD, they controlled the city or part of the city. The years 1099 AD to 1187 AD were the years Jerusalem was under the Crusaders. It was the result of the 1st Crusade and it was the only time that Jerusalem was totally controlled by Christian Crusaders.

Crusades

In the Aramaic Peshitta, the word for “months” in Rev 11:2 has a state of “emphatic.” (See Analysis Page of Rev 11:2) Thus, it would be declined as “the months.” The 42 months are 42 definite months. Let’s map in our minds the landmark prophetic months from year 637 AD up to 1967 AD with the consideration of the time of the Crusaders. Note: God’s calendar starts at spring months.

The 1st month would be from 637 AD to 667 AD. The 2nd month would be from 667 AD to 697 AD.

The timeline map at the time of the Crusaders:

The 16th month was from 1087 AD to 1117 AD. It was on this month Jerusalem was taken by the Christian Crusaders (1099 AD). Only a littler over 12 years of this particular prophetic month Jerusalem was under the Muslims, but it can be stated that the Muslims did trample the city on that particular prophetic month. 12 of 30 years is not insignificant.

The years that started in the spring of 1117 AD up to the last day of the last literal month of the year of God’s calendar that falls on 1187 AD should be skipped for the reason that no trodding down had occurred.

The 17th month was from 1187 AD to 1217 AD. In 1187 AD, Jerusalem was taken back by the Muslims under Saladin. The count resumed at this particular prophetic month.

Let’s go at the end of the timeline map:

The 42nd month which is the last would be from March 13, 1937 up to April 10, 1967 AD.

In June 5, 1967, the Six Day War begun. After the war, Jerusalem was liberated and reunited and the treading under foot of the city had stopped.

Some may wonder if it is Biblically allowed to have a gap within a prophesied time period like the 42 month period. The author does not know if it is so or not but read the following verse:

(Luk 21:24 KJV)  And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

The word “times” is in the plural form. The same is true in the Aramaic Peshitta, here’s the Analysis Page of Luke 21:24.

Let’s worship the Name of the Almighty God and of the Lord Yeshua who see to it that what is written is what will happen!

 

NOTICE: This article is NOT copyrighted.  Anyone may copy it in whole or in part and/or distribute it. Permission is not required. It may also expand or change in form in the future. It is still a work in progress. If anything is found to be in error then it will be corrected or deleted without prior notice.

 

2300 Evenings and Mornings New: The Self Magnified King and the (Strange) God of Fortresses
The Great Tribulation (GT) The Aftermath of The Great Tribulation (GT)

The Olivet Prophecy: Arrow of the Lord

Part 1: Looking Through the Stones of the Buildings of the Temple
Part 2: False Messiahs (1st SEWIC)
Part 3: Fearful Things and Terrors (2nd SEWIC)
Part 4: Persecutions and Martyrdoms (3rd SEWIC)
Part 5: The Desolation and the Great Distress According to Luke
Part 6: The Great Tribulation (GT)
Part 7: The Coming of the Lord (LAST-SEWIC)
Part 8: The Illustration of the Fig Tree

Revelation And Its Mysteries
Updated: Time, Times And A Half (3 ½ or 2 ½ Times?) Daniel’s 1290 and 1335 Days
The Man and His Number (Tav Resh Samech Vav) Revelation 12

The Red Dragon, Composite Beast, and Scarlet Beast of Revelation

The 4 Living Creatures And The 24 Elders

 

#burning-of-incense, #dark-sayings, #desolating-apostasy, #dhimmi-laws, #explained, #falling-away, #historical, #interpretation, #islam, #last-end-of-the-indignation, #muhammad, #six-day-war, #to-time-of-the-end, #understanding-2300, #when-is-the-time-of-the-end

The Aftermath of The Great Tribulation (GT)

NOTE: Please bear with the poor English of the author and be it known that this article may expand or change in form in the future.

This topic is a natural sequel to the article: The Great Tribulation (GT). The reader is suggested to read the said article to understand the time of occurrence of the great tribulation.

(Rev 6:12 KJV)  And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

As was said in the article mentioned above, the verse above is the darkening of heavenly hosts that comes immediately after the days of GT (4th Seal) in which WW2 is the last event. It is highly probable that what it is portraying are events that are related to the aftermath of the Great Tribulation.

Great Earthquake

This could be referring to:

  • The redrawing of territorial boundary lines of nations partly conquered and
  • The restoration of territories which were totally conquered and occupied by the Axis Powers and of the sovereign rights and control to their rightful owners who were displaced by the war.

The Sun became Black as Sackcloth of Hair

Here first is the definition of the Aramaic word for “black:”

)wkm A01
ˀwkm (ˀukkām) adj. black

1 black JLAtg, Gal, PTA, CPA, Syr, JBA, Man, LJLA.
2 pupil (of the eye; see also s.v. ˀwkmt ˁynˀ) Syr, JBA.
3 various black (or very dark) objects Syr, JBA. –(a) pl. garments, textiles (as a sign of sadness, mourning) Syr. –(b) pl. spots Syr, JBA. (b.1) algae, moss, or mildew spots JBA. (b.2) diacritical points Syr.

Look at the 3rd meaning of the word. Sackcloth is a garment and a textile, so, most likely, “sadness” and/or “mourning” is what “black” is denoting. Note that the 3rd meaning has to be plural. The word “black” is in the singular and so as the “sun” but the “sun” symbolizes a people and not just an individual.

Most of us know what the Jews had gone through during the Holocaust in which, approximately, six million Jews were slaughtered according to history. Although a few individuals outside of Nazi occupied territories already knew of what was happening to the Jews even at the early stages of the war, it was not until the closing of WW2 that the mass killings of Jews were “discovered.” Camp after camp with gas chambers, abandoned by Nazi soldiers, fell into the hands of Allied soldiers. It was only then that the extent of the mass killings was realized. Then the world came to know about this genocide and the servants of God of Israel and of the Messiah all over the world were SADDENED and they MOURNED.

The Moon became as Blood

A part of the servants of God of Israel and of the Messiah not only lamented but also felt guilt. Some of them felt that they had not done the things they believed they should have done to prevent a Jew or Jews from being exterminated. Many church people were said to have this guilt feeling.

Some of them felt guilt maybe because a member of their families or relatives had been involved in the persecution or worst the extermination of the Jews. This kind of “guilt” is what they call the “German Collective Guilt.”

Leaders of powerful Christian nations and their officials and even their citizens might also had had this feeling of guilt because their respective nations hadn’t acted or had acted too late to save the Jews especially those who had prior knowledge about the killings.

Now, look at the meaning of “blood” in the phrase “the moon became as blood:”

dm noun sg. Emphatic
dm, dmˀ (dem/dam, dmā; ˀḏem, ˀeḏmā) n.m. blood

1 blood Com. –(a) ܕܡܐ ܢܫܝܐ‏ : menstruation‏ Syr. –(b) mortal bloodshed Syr. (b.1) ܥܕܵܡܵܐ ܠܲܕܡܵܐ‏ even unto death‏ Syr. (b.2) blood guilt Sam.
2 juice Syr.

The writer doesn’t know if “blood guilt” is to be understood as believers’ own feelings or as an “accusation” from God or both. Here’s a quote from Encyclopedia Judaica:

“BLOODGUILT, liability for punishment for shedding blood. The biblical concept of bloodguilt derives from the belief that deeds generate consequences and that sin, in particular, is a danger to the sinner. The most vivid examples of this belief appear in connection with unlawful homicide, where innocent blood (dam naki (naqi); Jonah 1:14) cries out for vengeance (Gen. 4:10), is rejected by the earth (Isa. 26:21; Ezek. 24:7), and pollutes it (Num. 35:33–34). Bloodguilt attaches to the slayer and his family (II Sam. 3:28ff.) for generations (II Kings 9:26), and even to his city (Jer. 26:5), nation (Deut. 21:8), and land (Deut. 24:4). The technical term for bearing bloodguilt damo bo, or damo bero’sho, meant originally “his blood [remains] in him/in his head” (Josh. 2:19; Ezek. 33:5), and the legal formula mot yumat damav bo (Lev. 20:9–16) means that in the case of lawful execution, the blood of the guilty victim remains on his own person and does not attach itself to his executioners.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/bloodguilt

The Stars Fell to the Earth…

(Rev 6:13 KJV)  And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

Immediately after WW2, believers in the God of Israel and the Messiah were saddened and they mourned because of the Holocaust. Some people including church people felt guilt. There was another group of people that arose from WW2 – those who lost their faith toward God and the Lord. These were those who questioned the existence of God and asked why God could have allowed such thing to happen. Wasn’t this group of people the stars of heaven that fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind?

What is “untimely” fig? A quote from The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges:

“The “untimely fig” is the fig which, having formed too late to ripen in the autumn, hangs through the winter, but almost always drops off before the sap begins to rise in spring, so as not to come to maturity. See Comm. on Mat_21:19 and parallels.”

The untimely figs are the fruits that drop off easily.

The Heavens were Sundered as…

(Rev 6:14 KJV)  And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Here is the link to the Aramaic Analysis Page of Rev 6:14:

http://dukhrana.com/peshitta/analyze_verse.php?lang=en&verse=Revelation+6:14&source=ubs&font=Estrangelo+Edessa&size=125%

The “heavens” which are in their plural forms are likened to scrolls (also plural). Scrolls at the time of John looked like:

Look at the verb ID 2:17284 in the linked Aramaic Analysis Page above. What is the correct rendering of it in the particular verse? We can know the answer by consulting the pages of history.

Three years after the Holocaust, the UN established a national home in Palestine for the Jews. The modern day nation of Israel was born in May 14, 1948 AD. A part of the 12 Tribes of Israel had returned to their homeland which was given by God to their ancestors.

If one will look at the map in the Internet, it will be seen that their national home is almost surrounded by Muslim countries. The only side of their country that is not abutted by a Muslim country is on the side of the Mediterranean Sea. Their home was separated from the homes of the other tribes of Israel in Europe where most of them came from. Now, isn’t the place where the symbolic sun, moon, and stars reside called “heaven?”

Only a small part of the 12 Tribes of Israel returned to their homeland after WW2, so verb ID 2:17284 could not mean “departed” because only one “heaven” has departed. The word “heavens” in the verse is in the plural form. “Separated” or “sundered” is the appropriate rendering; the two “heavens” were separated or sundered. These could be referring to the descendants of the people of the “Northern Kingdom” and “Southern Kingdom” which came from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

What about Isaiah 34:4?

(Isa 34:4 KJV)  And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.

The verse above belongs to the Day of the Lord’s Vengeance (v8); see the other verses before and after it. If it will be compared to Rev 6:13-14 word for word, it will be seen that Isa 34:4 is clearly figuring other events.

Every Mountain and Island were Shaken

(Rev 6:14 KJV)  And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

“Mountain” is one of the figures of “kingdom” or “nation.”

Here is a quote from The History Learning Site about what happened when the new state of Israel was born in 1948.

“Israel was attacked on the same day it gained its independence – May 14th. The armies of Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq attacked Israel. With such a combined force attacking Israel, few would have given the new country any chance of survival.

In fact, Israel had internal problems regardless of what was happening on its borders. The regular army had to be used to disband Irgun and the Stern Gang. Both of these had been classed as terrorist organisations by the British in pre-war PalestineDavid Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister and Defence Minister wanted the Israeli army to remain non-political and using a combination of diplomacy and force, he removed both groups as a threat. The leaders of both groups were arrested but members of them did join the army. At the height of the 1948 War, Israel’s army numbered 100,000.

Though the attack on Israel was a surprise one, Israel was surprisingly well equipped at a military level. The country had a navy and many in her army were experienced in combat as a result of World War Two. Israel had also bought three B-17 bombers in America on the black market. In July 1948, these were used to bomb the Egyptian capital, Cairo.

The Arab nations that attacked Israel faced one major problem. There was nothing to co-ordinate their attacks. Each essentially attacked as a separate unit rather than as a combined force. However, the Israeli Army was under one single command structure and this proved to be very important. Israeli victories came on all the war fronts.

The Arab nations involved negotiated their own peace talks – a further sign that they were only united by their desire to attack Israel. Egypt signed a peace settlement in February 1949, and over the next few months Lebanon, Jordan and Syria did the same culminating in peace in July 1949. Iraq simply withdrew her forces but did not sign any peace settlement.

As a result of their military victory, Israel was able to expand the territory given to the state by theUnitedNations. However, this could only be at the expense of the Arab population that lived in these areas.”

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/the-middle-east-1917-to-1973/israel-and-the-1948-war/

The nations of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq were shaken/troubled/moved/stirred at that time. Even the other nations in the Middle East that were not directly involved in the war were perhaps “troubled” in some way or another especially at the time the result of the war came out.

What about the “island” in the verse? Who are the people pointed to by “island?”

The only people who were directly shaken/troubled/moved/stirred by the establishment of the new nation of Israel in 1948 aside from the five nations already mentioned were the Palestinians. Here is a quote from My Jewish Learning:

“Ultimately, the war’s biggest losers were the Palestinians, who were prevented from establishing a state, forced to live under Israeli, Egyptian, or Jordanian rule and, in the case of more than 700,000 refugees, unable to return to their homes. Traditional Zionist accounts of the war claimed that the refugees fled at the order of the Arab leadership, to clear the way for the invading armies. But contemporary historiography paints a more complex picture.

Drawing on government and military archives, Israeli historians such as Benny Morris have concluded that most Palestinians fled during the fighting, afraid of imagined — or occasionally real — atrocities committed by Jewish soldiers, but that some were victims of an ad hoc Israeli policy of deportation. Prevented by the Israeli authorities from returning home after the war and kept in squalid camps in every Arab country except Jordan, these refugees became an important catalyst for the escalation of the Arab-Israeli conflict into the 1950s and beyond.”

http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/israels-war-of-independence/

The modern day “Palestinians” are not the descendants of the ancient Philistines according to many sources. (Just google who they are.) Even if this is the case, the place of the modern “Palestinians” is what perhaps the “island” in Rev 6:14 is pointing to. The most important place of the Philistines is Philistia or the Philistine Pentapolis which consists of the five cities of Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, Gath, and Gaza. It is located in an expanse of land east of the Mediterranean Sea.

Let’s go back to the Aramaic “island” of Rev 6:14. The inflected word has the definition:

gzrh#2 noun sg. emphatic
gzrh, gzrtˀ (gāzrā, gāzartā) n.f.#2island
island Syr.

“Island” is its meaning but in the OT, “island” could also mean “coast” or “coastland.”

H339  אִי ‘ı̂y ee
From H183; properly a habitable spot (as desirable); dry land, a coast, an island: – country, isle, island.
Total KJV occurrences: 36

The grammatical State of the “mountain” is “absolute” while the “island” is “emphatic” and they are both in the singular (Analysis Page of Rev 6:14). According to Aramaic grammar, nouns are declined as follows:

absolute state:         house

construct state:       house of

emphatic state:       the house

As can be seen, the emphatic state expresses definiteness of a noun, so, the “the island” in the verse points to a definite place or people who are emblematize by it. The second part of Rev 6:14 can be rendered as:

(Rev 6:14b) and every mountain and all the island/coast were shaken/troubled/moved/stirred from their places.

The entire Philistine Pentapolis could be what the “island” or “coastland” is emblematizing.

Here’s an interesting thing. Anciently, the Palestinians were called “Philistines” which mean:

H6430  פּלשׁתּי   pelishtı̂y
BDB Definition:
Philistine = “immigrants
1) an inhabitant of Philistia; descendants of Mizraim who immigrated from Caphtor (Crete?) to the western seacoast of Canaan

According to the Bible and secular sources, the Philistines came from (the island of) Caphtor:

(Jer 47:4 ASV)  because of the day that cometh to destroy all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon every helper that remaineth: for Jehovah will destroy the Philistines, the remnant of the isle of Caphtor.

(Amo 9:7 KJV)  Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?

The word “Caphtor” has the meaning:

H3731  כַּפְתּוֹר    כַּפְתֹּר
kaphtôr    kaphtôr
kaf-tore’, kaf-tore’
Apparently the same as H3730; Caphtor (that is, a wreath shaped island), the original seat of the Philistines: – Caphtor.

Now, read a quote from National Geographic magazine published July 27, 2017 about the possible descendants of the ancient Philistines:

“More than 90 percent of the genetic ancestry of modern Lebanese is derived from ancient Canaanites, according to a paper published today in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

Researchers supported by The Wellcome Trust were able to sequence the Canaanite genome from the remains of five individuals buried in the ancient port city of Sidon (modern Saïda, Lebanon) around 3,700 years ago. The results were compared against the DNA of 99 modern-day Lebanese residents.”

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/07/canaanite-bible-ancient-dna-lebanon-genetics-archaeology/

The Kings, Great Men, Captains of Thousands…

(Rev 6:15 KJV)  And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;
(Rev 6:16 KJV)  And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

These people(s) are most probably what comprise the “beast” with ten kings including their armies, business persons, ordinary, and hired people. They are mentioned at the “gatherings of nations” in:

(Rev 19:18 KJV)  That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.

The Great Day of His/Their Wrath

Is the Great Day of his/their Wrath the Day of the Lord?

Let’ discuss first the Great Day of his/their Wrath.

In the next chapter of Revelation which is the continuation of the 6th Seal. It can be inferred that the executioners of the “Wrath of God” is being held up until the servants of God have been marked on their foreheads with the Seal of God.

According to the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, the “Great Day of his/their Wrath” has come even before the sealing of God’s servants had started.

Let’s now discuss the Day of the Lord.

It is said that the coming of the Day of the Lord is synonymous with the coming of the Lord. The coming of the Lord is when the 7th Trumpet is about to be sounded (Mat 24:30-31, 1Thess 4:16), that is the time when the 6th Bowl of the Wrath of God had been poured out (Rev 16:12-16).

These things are telling that the Great Day of his/their Wrath is not the Day of the Lord. Their beginnings are obviously not the same but it’s very likely that the ending part of the Day of his/their Wrath overlaps with the starting part of the Day of the Lord.

An English time phrase like “day of wrath” or “day of his wrath” does NOT ALWAYS point to the Day of the Lord like in the passage below:

(Lam 2:1 KJV)  How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, and cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger!

(Lam 2:21 KJV)  The young and the old lie on the ground in the streets: my virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword; thou hast slain them in the day of thine anger; thou hast killed, and not pitied.

(Lam 2:22 KJV)  Thou hast called as in a solemn day my terrors round about, so that in the day of the LORD’S anger none escaped nor remained: those that I have swaddled and brought up hath mine enemy consumed.

These passages are all referring to the time of Nebuchadnezzar.

Let’s go back to Rev 6:15-17. The “kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man” are portrayed to be “in the know” that the “Day of his/their Wrath” has already arrived but none of us knows whether or not they are really portraying the real situation. It seems that, somehow, they are correct because in the very next chapter which is still part of the 6th Seal, it is written:

Rev 7:1-3 KJV
(1)  And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.
(2)  And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
(3)  Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

The four angels who are understood to be the symbolic executioners of the Wrath of God are shown to be holding the four winds of the earth and seemingly ready or poised to hurt the earth, sea, and trees but were only prevented in doing so, until the servants of God are sealed.

It can be inferred from the sequence of “pictures” portrayed from Rev 6:15 to Rev 7:1 that the “kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man” are not aware of the upcoming sealing of God’s servants and of the time needed to accomplish it before God’s wrath will be poured out.

If we will look at the BFBS/UBS Peshitta text, Dutch Peshitta translation, Afrikaans Peshitta translation, and Crawford codex, we will see that there is a part in Rev 6:16-17 of the Greek based English Bibles that is not present in the Aramaic renderings. Here’s the Greek based English rendering of the passage:

(Rev 6:16 KJV)  And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
(Rev 6:17 KJV)  For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

Below is the Aramaic rendering:

(Rev 6:16 DPT)  And they said to the mountains and the rocks: “Fall upon us and hide us from the sight of the lamb
(Rev 6:17 DPT)  For the great day of his wrath has come! Who can hold on?”

The red lettered words in the Greek based English rendering of the passage are not present in the Aramaic based rendering. ALSO, In the Aramaic, what is being portrayed as has already come is only the “DAY of his/their wrath,” not the “wrath” itself. At this point in time, if “day” is meant to be the “Day of the Lord,“  wouldn’t it be in contradiction of:

(Mat 24:36 KJV)  But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

Aren’t symbols and personifications within the Bible included in Mat 24:36 above? The Day of his/their Wrath can’t be the Day of the Lord. There might be parts of them that overlap but they are different and distinct from each other. The Lord Yeshua will come as a thief AFTER the 6th Bowl of the wrath of God had been poured out as was mentioned earlier. The coming of the Lord can’t be a cue event with which the “kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man” could base their assumption that the Day of the Lord has already arrived in Rev 6:15-17 because the sealing of the 144,000 has not even started at that time.

Who Can Stand?

At the time just after WW2, the only nation on the whole planet that was already in possession of nuclear weapons was the USA. No nation could stand against her in an all-out war. And she is basically a Christian nation.

At the time when the modern day nation of Israel was born in 1948, who could challenge her in the Middle East?

Hurt Not the Earth, Sea, or Trees Until…

Rev 7:1-3 KJV
(1)  And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.
(2)  And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
(3)  Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

It is portrayed here that the four angels are ready and poised to hurt the earth, sea, and trees. If not prevented, they could have hurt them because they were given authority or POWER to do it.

The Christian nation of USA was also given power (nuclear arms) before WW2 ended and it was the reason the war ended earlier than without it. After the war, the USA was the most powerful nation in the world. God could have used her to execute his wrath but his servants must be sealed first.

The Sealing

This sealing is a spiritual aspect; invisible to historians. Even though the completion of the sealing was heard by John within the 6th Seal itself, it is very plausible that the sealing overlaps with some of the Trumpets because that takes time BUT NOT until the time of the 5th Trumpet which contains the verse that says:

(Rev 9:4 KJV)  And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

It is understood that the sealing of God’s servants is already complete at this time.

The Great Multitude

The depiction of the multitude is also spiritual in aspect. What is important to us in relation to what is being discussed here is its time position with respect to the GT.

(Rev 7:14 KJV)  And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

It is implied in the verse that they are very near from the GT, and that means the time setting of the vision has gone back from that of the completion of the Sealing if it really overlaps with some of the Trumpets.

(Rev 7:15 KJV)  a) Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: b) and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

The ‘a’ part can’t be literal. The servants of God will reign with the Lord Yeshua at his coming on Earth at least for a thousand years. The ‘a’ part of the verse could be saying that the servants of God who have “washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb” live day and night in the “presence of God,” that is, being always obedient and servile to Him.

If the ‘b’ part is literal, it is future from the time setting of the Great Multitude. If spiritual, it could mean that God will be in their hearts.

(Rev 7:16 KJV)  They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.
(Rev 7:17 KJV)  For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

The passage above speaks about future then.

The 6th Seal ends with its time setting just like with the time when it started – just after the GT.

There was Silence in Heaven…

(Rev 8:1 KJV)  And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

The Aramaic word for “silence” can also mean “veil.”

$tq noun sg. emphatic
štq, štqˀ (šṯeq, šeṯqā) n.m. silence
1 silence Syr, Man.
2 metaph.: veil Syr.

In the OT, a veil in the head or face could be a sign of mourning as in:

(2Sa 15:30 KJV)  And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

(2Sa 19:1 LITV)  And it was announced to Joab, Behold, the king is weeping and mourning over Absalom.
(2Sa 19:4 LITV)  And the king had covered his face. Yea, the king cried with a loud voice, My son Absalom! Absalom my son, my son!

If applied after WW2, “veil” as mourning would be very appropriate for the victims of the Holocaust and the other servants of God killed in the war. (Note: The Aramaic word for “heaven” is in the plural form.)

In the Jewish tradition, mourning for the dead is divided into several stages or periods.

Periods of Mourning

While shiva is a very specific period of mourning, there are stages before and after shiva that have particular significance. In fact, shiva is merely one of many defined periods of grieving within Judaism. Below is a list of the others, each of which is a milestone for a mourner who is grieving the loss of a loved one.

Aninut
The period between death and burial. The mourner during this period is called the ‘onen.’ Before commercial burials, the mourner was fulfilling the needs of the deceased in preparation for burial and therefore was exempt from other religious duties such as morning and evening prayers and putting on tefillin (scrolls containing verses from the Torah).

Avelut
This is the Hebrew word for mourning, which consists of three periods: shiva, sheloshim, and the year of mourning.

Shiva
The traditional seven-day period of mourning, following the burial, when mourners stay at home and receive guests to offer them comfort and participate in daily religious services.

Sheloshim
The 30-day mourning period after the burial and including the first seven days of shiva. It is observed by the immediate family and is designed to allow the mourner to get over the shock of the death. The mourners return to work after the first seven days, but other restrictions remain, such as refraining from attending weddings, dances or parties.

Year of Mourning
When the mourner is mourning a parent, the observances held in sheloshim are extended for one year from the day of burial.

Yahrzeit
The yearly anniversary of a death, which is commemorated with the lighting of a candle that burns for 24 hours and the recitation of the Kaddish prayer.”

http://www.shiva.com/learning-center/understanding/periods-of-mourning/

Of all the stages of mourning mentioned above, only the 7-day period is what the author can find in the Bible.

Gen 50:8-10 KJV
(8)  And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father’s house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen.
(9)  And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen: and it was a very great company.
(10)  And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days.

1Sa 31:12-13 KJV
(12)  All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.(13)  And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

A quote from Albert Barnes about the 7-day period:

They fasted seven days – In imitation of the mourning for Jacob (marginal reference). They would give full honor to Saul though he was fallen.”

Another quote from Matthew Poole:

“To testify their sorrow for the public loss of Saul, and of the people of God; and to entreat God’s favour to prevent the utter extinction of his people. But you must not understand this word of fasting strictly, as if they eat nothing for seven whole days; but in a more large and general sense, as it is used both in sacred and profane writers; that they did eat but little, and that seldom, and that but mean food, and drunk only water for that time.”

…For About Half an Hour

(Rev 8:1 KJV)  And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

In Bible prophecies concerning duration of time, the 360-day period is the most used and referenced time frame. If we are also going to use it in determining the actual duration of the Biblical “half an hour,” the computation would be similar to:

360 days / 24 = 15 days = 1 hour

15 days / 2 = 7.5 days = half an hour

7.5 days is the actual duration of time the “half an hour” is representing. Now, isn’t the word “about” in the verse when used to express time means that it could be exact or just near the exact time indicated? John did not heard the time duration, it seems that he felt or experienced it. The Aramaic word “about” in the verse has the definition:

)yk p01 = )yk p –> hyk p
hyk (hayḵ/hēḵ/ˀaḵ) prep. like
like Palm, JLAtg, PTA, CPA, Sam, Syr, JBAmb, LJLA, JudSyr–(a) as is appropriate for Syr–(b) according to Syr–(c) ܐܝܟ ܙܢܐ ܕ‏ just as‏ Syr.

That’s it! The 7-day period of mourning is very close to the actual duration of “half an hour.” If this 7-day period is converted to years, a year for a day, that would span the years from 1945 to 1952.

The 1st Trumpet

The author doesn’t know the metaphorical meaning of “voices,” “lightning,” and “thunders” at the start of the Trumpets (Rev 8:5) but let’s continue with the 1st Trumpet.

(Rev 8:7 KJV)  The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

Each of the three figures of destruction, hail, fire, and blood has more than one possible meaning. What event or series of events after WW2 had taken place in which the three metaphors of destruction were all fulfilled? If we will look at the 2nd Trumpet, it seems, as for the author, that the “burning mountain” is in the stage of “in the making” at the time of this writing (Sep, 2017), so, the 1st Trumpet could have happened between WW2 and now.

Since WW2, there were several great events that had occurred; here are some of them:

  • Korean War
  • Cold War
  • Communist Takeover in China (The Great Leap Forward)
  • Vietnam War
  • Six Day War
  • The Arab-Israeli War of 1973

The scale and intensity of destruction and famine together with the number of people killed would make the Communist takeover in China the most appropriate event that the 1st Trumpet could be portraying.

There might be some readers who might think or say that China is not included in Bible Prophecies but maybe, these same persons or several of them will believe that the Two Myriads of Myriads horsemen are composed of Chinese troops which the author of this article does not believe. (Read the topic: The Two Myriads of Myriads Troops in the article: Revelation And Its Mysteries. ) Let’s continue with the discussion.

“Hail” as destruction:

(Psa 78:47 KJV)  He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

(Exo 9:24-26 LITV
(24)  And there was hail, and fire flashing in the midst of the hail, very heavy, which never had been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
(25)  And the hail struck in all the land of Egypt, all that was in the field, from men and to livestock. And the hail struck every plant of the field, and it broke in pieces every tree of the field.
(26)  Only in the land of Goshen, where the sons of Israel lived, there was no hail.

Quote from Wikipedia:

“The Great Leap also led to the greatest destruction of real estate in human history, outstripping any of the bombing campaigns from World War II.[102] Approximately 30 to 40 percent of all houses were turned to rubble.[103] Frank Dikötter states that “homes were pulled down to make fertilizer, to build canteens, to relocate villagers, to straighten roads, to make place for a better future beckoning ahead or simply to punish their owners.”[102]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Leap_Forward#Impact_on_economy

Approximately 30 to 40 percent of all houses were turned to rubble? That could account for the phrase  “and a third part of the earth was burned up” which is present in the Aramaic rendering of Rev 8:7 but not in the Greek based Bible.

“Fire” as famine:

(Eze 5:1 KJV)  And thou, son of man, take thee a sharp knife, take thee a barber’s razor, and cause itto pass upon thine head and upon thy beard: then take thee balances to weigh, and divide the hair.
(Eze 5:2 KJV)  Thou shalt burn with fire a third part in the midst of the city, when the days of the siege are fulfilled: and thou shalt take a third part, and smite about it with a knife: and a third part thou shalt scatter in the wind; and I will draw out a sword after them.

(Eze 5:12 KJV)  A third part of thee shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the midst of thee: and a third part shall fall by the sword round about thee; and I will scatter a third part into all the winds, and I will draw out a sword after them.

Look at the correlations between the two verses above according to the color of the texts. “Fire” may be understood as famine. Read also Joel 1:16-20.

A quote from Wikipedia:

“The Three Years of Great Chinese Famine (simplified Chinese: 三年大饥荒; traditional Chinese: 三年大饑荒; pinyinSānnián dà jīhuāng), referred to by the Communist Party of China as the Three Years of Natural Disasters (simplified Chinese: 三年自然灾害; traditional Chinese: 三年自然災害; pinyinSānnián zìrán zāihài), the Three Years of Difficulty (simplified Chinese: 三年困难时期; traditional Chinese: 三年困難時期; pinyinSānnián kùnnán shíqī) or Great Leap Forward Famine, was a period in the People’s Republic of China between the years 1959 and 1961 characterized by widespread famine. Drought, poor weather, and the policies of ruler Mao Zedong contributed to the famine,[citation needed] although the relative weights of the contributions are disputed due to the Great Leap Forward.

According to government statistics, there were 15 million excess deaths in this period. However, the Chinese government at this time was taken over by market reformers who were strongly opposed to the Great Leap Forward.[2] Unofficial estimates vary, but scholars have estimated the number of famine victims to be between 20 and 43 million.[3] Historian Frank Dikötter, having been granted special access to Chinese archival materials, estimates that there were at least 45 million premature deaths from 1958 to 1962, although far from all these deaths came about as a result of starvation.[4][5]

Chinese journalist Yang Jisheng concluded there were 36 million deaths due to starvation, while another 40 million others failed to be born, so that “China’s total population loss during the Great Famine then comes to 76 million.”[6] However, some scholars argue that the 40 million people who “failed to be born” should not actually be counted, since they never actually existed in the first place, except as pure statistical speculation on paper. The term “Three Bitter Years” is often used by Chinese peasants to refer to this period.[7]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Chinese_Famine

“Blood” as death:

(Num 35:33 KJV)  So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.

(Eze 5:17 KJV)  So will I send upon you famine and evil beasts, and they shall bereave thee; and pestilence and blood shall pass through thee; and I will bring the sword upon thee. I the LORD have spoken it.

The number of deaths from famine speaks for itself.

Another quote from Wikipedia:

“Deaths by violence[edit]

Not all deaths during the Great Leap were from starvation. Frank Dikötter estimates that at least 2.5 million people were beaten or tortured to death and 1 to 3 million committed suicide.[100][46] He provides some illustrative examples. In Xinyang, where over a million died in 1960, 6–7 percent (around 67,000) of these were beaten to death by the militias. In Daoxian county, 10 percent of those who died had been “buried alive, clubbed to death or otherwise killed by party members and their militia.” In Shimencounty, around 13,500 died in 1960, of these 12 percent were “beaten or driven to their deaths.”[101] In accounts documented by Yang Jisheng,[35][42] people were beaten or killed for rebelling against the government, reporting the real harvest numbers, for sounding alarm, for refusing to hand over what little food they had left, for trying to flee the famine area, for begging food or as little as stealing scraps or angering officials.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Leap_Forward#Deaths_by_violence

From the number of deaths caused by the famine, it can be deduced that all the peasants or ordinary people in the Mainland China were affected by the famine. They were (all) burnt up like grass.

Isa 40:6-8 KJV
(6)  The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field:
(7)  The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.
(8)  The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.

Concerning the “trees” in Rev 8:7, the author doesn’t know for sure what group of people they represent. They could be one of the following:

1) Communist officials of China

Read Judges Chapter 9.

2) Local and foreign servants of God

Psa 1:1-3 ESV
(1)  Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers;
(2)  but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night.
(3)  He is like a tree planted by streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither. In all that he does, he prospers.

Either of the two groups of people is meant as “trees” in the verse, there is no way for us to know the correct number of those “burnt up” or affected by the famine. We cannot compute “the third of the trees.” It is more likely that the 1st group is what is meant by the “trees” because the “grass” points to a class of people of the land, so, the “trees” could also be pointing to another class of people of the land.

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NOTICE: This article is NOT copyrighted.  Anyone may copy it in whole or in part and/or distribute it. Permission is not required. It may also expand or change in form in the future. It is still a work in progress. If anything is found to be in error then it will be corrected or deleted without prior notice.

 

2300 Evenings and Mornings New: The Self Magnified King and the (Strange) God of Fortresses
The Great Tribulation (GT) The Aftermath of The Great Tribulation (GT)

The Olivet Prophecy: Arrow of the Lord

Part 1: Looking Through the Stones of the Buildings of the Temple
Part 2: False Messiahs (1st SEWIC)
Part 3: Fearful Things and Terrors (2nd SEWIC)
Part 4: Persecutions and Martyrdoms (3rd SEWIC)
Part 5: The Desolation and the Great Distress According to Luke
Part 6: The Great Tribulation (GT)
Part 7: The Coming of the Lord (LAST-SEWIC)
Part 8: The Illustration of the Fig Tree

Revelation And Its Mysteries
Updated: Time, Times And A Half (3 ½ or 2 ½ Times?) Daniel’s 1290 and 1335 Days
The Man and His Number (Tav Resh Samech Vav) Revelation 12

The Red Dragon, Composite Beast, and Scarlet Beast of Revelation

The 4 Living Creatures And The 24 Elders

 

#explained, #fulfilled, #great-chinese-famine, #great-leap-forward, #holocaust-bible-verse, #may-14-1948, #moon-turned-to-blood-fulfilled, #period-of-mourning, #philistine-pentapolis, #rev-614-meaning, #revelation-612-meaning, #revelation-613-meaning, #the-sun-will-be-darkened-scripture, #there-was-silence-in-heaven-about-the-space-of-half-an-hour-meaning, #untimely-figs

The Great Tribulation (GT)

NOTE: Please bear with the poor English of the author and be it known that this article may expand or change in form in the future.

Most Christians believe that the Great Tribulation (GT) will occur in the near future. The time of the GT is what will be explained in this article which is part of the bigger article: The Olivet Prophecy: Sword of the Lord.

(Mat 24:21 KJV)  For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

This verse is from the Olivet Discourse of the Lord Yeshua. In the earlier part of the same chapter, it is written:

Mat 24:7-8 KJV

(7) For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.(8) All these are the beginning of sorrows.

The Aramaic word for “sorrows” in v8 has this definition:

labor pains Qum, JLAtg, CPA, Syr. –(a) fig. Syr.
2 (magic) a type of demon JBAmb.

It is expected from the last verse above that events in v7 will continue and intensify up to the days of the Great Tribulation (GT). As “labor pains,” it is also indicating that “pains” occur NOT in one continuous time. At the time that the abomination of desolation can already be seen standing up, the days of the GT had already started or was about to start:

Mat 24:20-21 KJV
(20) But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day:
(21) For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

The versions of Etheridge and Lamsa which are translated from the Aramaic are similar to KJV in regard to the start of the GT. Those same days end just before the “darkening:”

(Mat 24:29 KJV) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

What specific ‘darkening” and “shaking of heavens” is meant here? Here’s a passage from the 6th Seal:

Rev 7:13-14 KJV
(13) And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they?
(14) And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

Looking backward from Rev 7:14, the nearest “darkening” of heavenly hosts occurs at the beginning of the 6th Seal itself. This could be what is meant in the Olivet Prophecy.

The immediate preceding seal from this particular darkening is the 5th Seal. There are no signs of GT here. It seems that it’s the aftermath of the GT the seal is telling. If we will look from the 1st Seal up to the 4th Seal, we will see that the 4th Seal has the most and greatest causes of distress in all of them. On the other hand, if we will closely examine the 5th Seal, we will see that it has no “actual” event that happens on its time, that is, between the 4th and the 6th Seals! The 5th Seal is telling of events that are past and future then but no event(s) at its present time. Why would the souls be told to wait for events that are future then if those events are to happen on that same seal (except that it would be told later that they happened in that same seal)?

As I see it, the immediate “actual” event that follows after the 4th Seal (Great Tribulation) is the darkening of heavenly bodies of the 6th Seal. John saw the 5th Seal between the 4th and 6th seals but it has no “actual” events. In actuality, it spans no time frame. This seal contains the prayers of those slain for the word of God and for the testimony which they held, and they are being consoled, maybe because what they had gone through was a great ordeal.

How about the passage below?

Joe 2:6-10 ESV
(6) Before them peoples are in anguish; all faces grow pale.
(7) Like warriors they charge; like soldiers they scale the wall. They march each on his way; they do not swerve from their paths.
(8) They do not jostle one another; each marches in his path; they burst through the weapons and are not halted.
(9) They leap upon the city, they run upon the walls, they climb up into the houses, they enter through the windows like a thief.
(10) The earth quakes before them; the heavens trembleThe sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining.

Here is the same passage again but with a different version:

Joe 2:6-10 YLT
(6) From its face pained are peoples, All faces have gathered paleness.
(7) As mighty ones they run, As men of war they go up a wall, And each in his own ways they do go, And they embarrass not their paths.
(8) And each his brother they press not, Each in his way they go on, If by the missile they fall, they are not cut off.
(9) In the city they run to and fro, On the wall they run, Into houses they go up by the windows, They go in as a thief.
(10) At their face trembled hath the earthShaken have the heavensSun and moon have been black, And stars have gathered up their shining.

It can be seen from this passage (two versions) that verses 6 and 10 make (more) sense in relation to other verses if they will be looked upon in the perspective of time. The word “face” in both verses can also mean “before” or “beforetime” as in Deu 2:12, Jos 11:10, 1Sa 9:9, and Isa 41:26.

H6440 BDB Definition:
1) face
1a) face, faces
1b) presence, person
1c) face (of seraphim or cherubim)
1d) face (of animals)
1e) face, surface (of ground)
1f) as adverb of loc/temp
1f1) before and behind, toward, in front of, forward, formerly, from beforetimebefore
1g) with preposition
1g1) in front of, before, to the front of, in the presence of, in the face of, at the face or front of, from the presence of, from before, from before the face of

Together, verses 6 and 10 support what is said in Mat 24:29 – pain or tribulation (4th Seal) then darkening with earthquakes and shaking of heavens (6th Seal).

What about Joel 3:15?

Joe 3:9-16 YLT
(9) Proclaim ye this among nations, Sanctify a war, stir up the mighty ones, Come nigh, come up, let all the men of war.
(10) Beat your ploughshares to swords, And your pruning-hooks to javelins, Let the weak say, ‘I am mighty.’
(11) Haste, and come in, all ye nations round, And be gathered together, Thither cause to come down, O Jehovah, Thy mighty ones.
(12) Wake and come up let the nations unto the valley of Jehoshaphat, For there I sit to judge all the nations around.
(13) Send ye forth a sickle, For ripened hath harvest, Come in, come down, for filled hath been the press, Overflowed hath wine-presses, For great is their wickedness.
(14) Multitudes, multitudes are in the valley of decision, For near is the day of Jehovah in the valley of decision.
(15) Sun and moon have been black, And stars have gathered up their shining.
(16) And Jehovah from Zion doth roar, And from Jerusalem giveth forth His voice, And shaken have the heavens and earth, And Jehovah is a refuge to his people, And a stronghold to sons of Israel.

The word “gathered” in v15 can also mean “withdrawn” according to Brown-Driver-Briggs’ Hebrew Definitions.

It is clear in this translation that “darkening” and “shaking” of heavens and earth happened earlier. It is more probable than not that this is of the 6th Seal again.

What about the “darkening” in the 4th Trumpet?

At the time of the 4th Trumpet, GT is already past because the 6th Seal which portrays the multitudes who came out of the GT comes first before the Trumpets.

What about the “darkness, gloom, clouds, and thick darkness” in the Day of the Lord?

Zep 1:14-16 ESV
(14)  The great day of the LORD is near, near and hastening fast; the sound of the day of the LORD is bitter; the mighty man cries aloud there.
(15)  A day of wrath is that day, a day of distress and anguish, a day of ruin and devastation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness,
(16)  a day of trumpet blast and battle cry against the fortified cities and against the lofty battlements.

“Distress” and “anguish” are also mentioned in the above passage and they are mentioned first, then, the “darkness, gloom, clouds, and thick darkness.” A Bible reader might think that “distress and anguish” in the passage are the “Great Tribulation” which precedes the darkening of the sun, moon, and stars as prophesied by the Lord in Mat 24:29. But according to the 6th Seal, the particular “darkening of heavenly hosts” that comes immediately after the GT is:

Rev 6:12-13 KJV
(12)  And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;(13)  And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

This is the nearest darkening of heavenly hosts from the passage:

(Rev 7:14 KJV)  And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

The particular darkening of heavenly hosts in Rev 6:12-13, according to Joel, will come:

(Joe 2:31 KJV)  The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

That’s it. So, the “distress and anguish” and the “darkness, gloom, clouds, and thick darkness” in Zeph 1:15 which will occur at the Day of the Lord are NOT the Great Tribulation and the darkening of heavenly hosts described in Mat 24:29! Moreover, the “darkness, gloom, clouds, and thick darkness” during the Day of the Lord seems to be denoting NOT a time AFTER a tribulation, read the passage below:

Amo 5:18-20 KJV
(18)  Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end is it for you? the day of the LORD is darkness, and not light.
(19)  As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.
(20)  Shall not the day of the LORD be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?

It can be seen from the passage above that the “darkness” or “very dark darkness” during the Day of the Lord is itself denoting tribulation. The GT should have ended at the time the sun and the moon are darkened as described in Mat 24:29.  Again, the “distress and anguish” and the “darkness, gloom, clouds, and thick darkness” in Zeph 1:15 are NOT the Great Tribulation and the darkening of heavenly hosts in Mat 24:29. The GT occurs BEFORE the Day of the Lord!

Let’s go back to “labor pains” of the Olivet Prophecy.

History tells that things of Mat 24:7-8 intensified when fearful things and terrors came.

 The wars of conquests by Islamic armies AFTER their early expansion.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_Qpy0mXg8Y#t=11m35s

 The terrors and killings that resulted from refusal to convert to Islam. At first, only the polytheistic peoples were forced to convert but there were times that “People of the Book” were also forced to convert.

http://markhumphrys.com/islam.killings.html

 The war of conquests by Genghis Khan in the 13th century AD and of the other Mongolian leaders after him. Here’s a quote from http://www.history.com/news/history-…t-genghis-khan:

“While it’s impossible to know for sure how many people perished during the Mongol conquests, many historians put the number at somewhere around 40 million. Censuses from the Middle Ages show that the population of China plummeted by tens of millions during the Khan’s lifetime, and scholars estimate that he may have killed a full three-fourths of modern-day Iran’s population during his war with the Khwarezmid Empire. All told, the Mongols’ attacks may have reduced the entire world population by as much as 11 percent.”

 Famines

1783–84 Chalisa India 11 million
1789–92 Doji bara India 11 million
1810, 1811, 1846, and 1849 China 45 million.
1850–73 As a result of imperialism, the Opium Wars and the Taiping Rebellion, drought, and famine, the population of China dropped by more than 60 million
There are more. See List of famines

 The Black Death (Bubonic Plague) of the 14th century.

https://www.britannica.com/event/Black-Death
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm
http://www.historytoday.com/ole-j-benedictow/black-death-greatest-catastrophe-ever

– 1918–1920 Influenza Pandemic (more deaths than World War 1)

https://www.britannica.com/event/inf…c-of-1918-1919
See List of epidemics

 World War 1

 World War 2

The Day of Jacob’s Trouble

Jer 30:1-3 KJV

(1) The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,
(2) Thus speaketh the LORD God of Israel, saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book.
(3) For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.

Jeremiah opens the chapter by telling that word came to him from the Lord. He relates in v2 how God told him to write in a book what God had spoken to him (earlier). He continues (v3) to tell the other things that God has told him which are about the restoration of Israel and Judah to the land that was given to their ancestors. These things together with many events that God told to Jeremiah in the other parts of chapter 30 and 31 are widely believe to happen at the Day of the Lord.

(Jer 30:4 KJV) And these are the words that the LORD spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.

Jeremiah states in this verse that what is to follow is what God has spoken to him and told him to write in a book.

Jer 30:5-7 KJV
(5) For thus saith the LORD; We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace
(6) Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and all faces are turned into paleness?
(7) Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.

Clearly, the passage above is about the day of Jacob’s trouble.

Jer 30:8-9 KJV
(8) For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him:
(9) But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them.

Verse 8 tells when the yoke will be broken and when the bonds will be burst which will mean that strangers will no more serve themselves of him. Let’s understand first the “yoke.”

(Jer 27:2 KJV) Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck,

This yoke was broken by Hananiah in Jer 28:10-11. Hananiah died in that same year (Jer 28:17). It is God who decides when this symbolic yoke will be broken off in Jeremiah’s neck.

Going back to Jer 30:8, there will be a problem understanding this verse if we will treat it as part of what was spoken and written and that is because of the two possessive pronouns “thy” and the last pronoun “him.” There are two possibilities here:

  1. If the two “thy” are “Jacob’s,” then who is “him” that will serve no more?
  2. If the two “thy” are “Jeremiah’s,” then the “him” can be “of Jacob” which v9 confirms.

The 2nd proposition makes sense and that would mean, in this verse 8, God is talking NOT to Jacob but to Jeremiah who was given the sign of the yoke in chapter 27. This in turn is telling that verse 8 is not part of what was spoken by God and written by Jeremiah.

Which day does “In that day” (v8) refer to? Surely, it can refer to the day of the return of Israel and Judah to their land in v3 – in the Day of the Lord. “In that day” referring also to day of Jacob’s trouble depends on whether or not Jacob’s trouble really occurs after the restoration. But if it really occurs at that time, why present it in this way? There is something that needs to be considered.

We have seen the problem in understanding v8 because of the grammatical persons of the pronouns used in the verse. But that was already resolved. The last pronoun in the 3rd person is understood to be Jacob. In v9, the 3rd person (plural) pronoun refers to Israel and Judah or their people. Take note, in these two verses, God is speaking of their restoration or the other events at the time of their restoration. Let’s continue with the other verses but let’s not include the 1st pronouns referring to God in our study.

(Jer 30:10 KJV) Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make him afraid.

The pronouns in the 1st part of the verse changed to 2nd person from 3rd person in v8-9. This part is speaking of the saving of Jacob from his trouble (see again last clause of v7).

In the 2nd part of the verse, all the pronouns are in their 3rd person again. This part is speaking again of Jacob’s restoration.

NOTE well, the transition from the 2nd to 3rd person of pronouns in this verse:

I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity

There is a time distance of at least a generation FROM the time of the saving of Jacob from afar (his trouble) TO the time of the saving of his seed from the land of their captivity (Zech 14?). It can be more!!! The quote, as for me, is not a futuristic idiom depicting the same time or event and that is because of the switching of pronoun persons and what their contexts say.

Jer 30:11-17 KJV
(11) For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished.
(12) For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise is incurable, and thy wound is grievous.
(13) There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines.
(14) All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; because thy sins were increased.
(15) Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow is incurable for the multitude of thine iniquity: because thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee.
(16) Therefore all they that devour thee shall be devoured; and all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity; and they that spoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey.
(17) For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after.

The pronouns switched back to 2nd person in v11 up to v17. Again, in this passage, it is talking about the saving of Jacob (from his trouble), about his chastisement, and about the fate of those who scattered, devoured, and plundered them. Look at v17, if Jacob’s Trouble happens AFTER his restoration to the land of his ancestors, would he be called an OUTCAST?

Another hint can be found in v14. The enemy or cruel one can only be Satan who is portrayed as the Red Dragon in Revelation 12.

Note that the (future then) thread of time in the passage above progresses as can be seen in v16 and first part of v17 but Jacob’s trouble itself is obviously past in those verses.

Jer 30:18-21 KJV
(18) Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob’s tents, and have mercy on his dwelling places; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.
(19) And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small.
(20) Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will punish all that oppress them.
(21) And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD.

Pronouns in this passage are in their 3rd person. Once again, it is speaking about the restoration of Jacob. It can be seen in v19 to v20 that this passage’s (future) thread of time also progresses, then in v21 it returns … to meet the time thread that originated from Jacob’s trouble?

(Jer 30:22 KJV) And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God.

Yes, but up to the 1st verse of the next chapter, their time threads are shown to be separate.

(Jer 31:1 KJV) At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.

Let’s go back to what was spoken (earlier) and written because there are other hints in there about the time of its occurrence:

Jer 30:4-7 KJV
(4) And these are the words that the LORD spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.
(5) For thus saith the LORD; We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace.(6) Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and all faces are turned into paleness?
(7) Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.

Definition of “trembling” in v5:

H2731 חֲרָדָה chărâdâh khar-aw-daw’
Feminine of H2730; fear, anxiety: – care, X exceedingly, fear, quaking, trembling.

Definition of “fear” in v5:

H6343 פַּחַד pachad pakh’-ad
From H6342; a (sudden) alarm (properly the object feared, by implication the feeling): – dread (-ful), fear, (thing) great [fear, -ly feared], terror.

Remember “fearful things and terrors” from Luke 21:11? In here, they were heard.

woman in travail” in v6: the “labor pains” in Mat 24:8

paleness” in v6: the color of the horse in the 4th Seal

“that day is great, so that none is like it” in v7; yes there is none like it:

(Dan 12:1 KJV)  And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

(Mat 24:21 KJV)  For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

The GT is the great wrath of the Devil:

(Rev 12:12 KJV)  Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.

The Devil is having a great wrath, aware that he has but a short time. He has a short time maybe because:

(Mat 24:22 KJV)  And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.

Jacob’s trouble is just a part of the GT or the wrath of the Devil. It’s the last part of his wrath according to Revelation 12. Here are some verses about the Dragon (Satan or Devil) and the Woman of Revelation 12:

Rev 12:15-16 KJV
(15) And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood.
(16) And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.

The flood that came out of the mouth of the Dragon could very well be the armies of Nazi Germany and its ally countries in Europe during World War 2. They almost swept off all of Europe at that time. When only Britain was left fighting the Germans, Hitler turned his attention to the east – the Soviet Union. He disregarded his country’s non-aggression pact with the Soviets and invaded their country. The vastness of the land of the Soviet Union swallowed up much of the invading countries’ armies easing up the pressure on Great Britain. This is how the Woman of Revelation 12 was helped by the symbolic earth in verse 16.

(Rev 12:17 KJV) And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

After much of the armies of the Axis Powers in Europe was swallowed up by the land of the Soviet Union and while both sides were fighting each other, the Dragon was wroth with the Woman. He went away and made war with the other seed or children of the Woman. The other area of the globe that a “major” war had broke out after the invasion of the Soviet Union was in the Asia – Pacific region. On December 7, 1941, more than six months after the Soviet Union was invaded, Japan attacked and bombed Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, and the Dragon’s war on God’s other people started. By this war, we can know who the other seed of the Woman are.

The Holocaust was part of World War 2.

And if those days were not shortened, we would not be alive today. Nuclear weapons were first used in World War 2.

Let’s go back to Jeremiah 30. “Jacob’s trouble” was INSERTED (by God’s order) at the start of the word that came to Jeremiah. (It can even be considered to be before the “word” came to Jeremiah in v1 because what was to be written was already spoken to him.) It is from that part of the wrath of the Devil (Jacob’s trouble) that the time thread of 2nd person pronouns came.

Whereas the time thread of 3rd person pronouns came as a result of the (Great) Wrath of God.

Jer 30:23-24 ASV
(23) Behold, the tempest of Jehovah, even his wrath, is gone forth, a sweeping tempest: it shall burst upon the head of the wicked.
(24) The fierce anger of Jehovah shall not return, until he have executed, and till he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall understand it.

The Great Wrath of the Devil and the Great Wrath of God don’t overlap each other. According to the 6th Seal:

Rev 6:16-17 KJV
(16) And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
(17) For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

The great day of the wrath has come but the “actual” Great Wrath of God has not yet come; it is just looming. Continuing to the next part of the 6th Seal:

Rev 7:1-3 Murdock
(1) And after these things I saw four angels, who stood on the four corners of the earth; and they held the four winds of the earth, so that the wind blew not on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on the trees.
(2) And I saw another angel, and he came up from the rising of the sun; and he had the seal of the living God; and he called out, with a loud voice, to the four angels to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea, saying:
(3) Hurt ye not the earth, nor the sea, nor the trees, until we shall have sealed the servants of our God upon their foreheads.

Now, in Rev 7:13-14, also a part of the 6th Seal, it is said:

Rev 7:13-14 Murdock
(13) And one of the Elders turned, and said to me: These who are clothed in white robes, who are they, and whence came they?
(14) And I said to him: My lord, thou knowest. And he said to me: These are they who came from great affliction; and they have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

GT or the Devil’s wrath is already past at this point in time and even at the start of the 6th Seal; when the sun became black, like sackcloth of hair; and the whole moon became like blood, and the stars of heaven fell on the earth, as a fig-tree casteth its unripe figs, when it is shaken by a strong wind. This darkening is the darkening in Mat 24:29 which immediately follows the GT (4th Seal). Obviously, there are many events from the 6th Seal up to the coming of the Lord just before the 7th Trumpet is to be sounded that are not included in:

Mat 24:29-31 KJV
(29) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
(30) And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
(31) And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Are we going to ignore these Biblical facts?

Another thing, the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man of Rev 6:15 said in v17 that “the great day of his wrath is come.” That “day” cannot mean the Day of the Lord because:

(Mat 24:36 KJV)  But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

Zechariah 14

Zec 14:1-2 KJV

(1) Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.
(2) For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.

The captivity of Jerusalem in this chapter of Zechariah is not during the GT. It is during God’s Wrath – at the time of the 6th Bowl (Rev 16:16). Doesn’t this particular captivity of Jerusalem precede the “restoration” in Jeremiah chapter 30?

After this captivity, false prophets will be like those in Zech 13:2-6 and not like those in Mat 24:23-26 who will appear after the GT. The word of God about shepherds who destroy and scatter His sheep can be found in Jer 23:1-4.

Let’s go back to “labor pains again.”

As far as I know, there is no passage in the Bible that explicitly tells how long the GT would be, but the “beginning” of labor pains described in Mat 24:6-7 gives us an idea of how long it would be. GT is understood to be inside this “labor pains” – in the intensified part of it and this part can logically be expected to happen as the continuation of the “beginning” in a matter of years or decades but not more than a thousand years. That is signified by the warning of our Lord Yeshua to urgently flee when they see the abomination of desolation standing up. Here’s an interesting thing: from 685 AD up to 1945 are 1260 years.

There’s another article which proves further the time of occurrence of the GT. Here’s the link: The Aftermath of The Great Tribulation (GT)

It would be also of big help in understanding the time of the beginning of the GT if the reader would also read the said article: The Olivet Prophecy: Sword of the Lord.

If the reader has more questions, maybe the articles Revelation and its Mysteries and Revelation 12 can help.

What is Coming is Not the Great Tribulation, It’s the Great Wrath of God!!!

 

NOTICE: This article is NOT copyrighted.  Anyone may copy it in whole or in part and/or distribute it. Permission is not required. It may also expand or change in form in the future. It is still a work in progress. If anything is found to be in error then it will be corrected or deleted without prior notice.

 

2300 Evenings and Mornings New: The Self Magnified King and the (Strange) God of Fortresses
The Great Tribulation (GT) The Aftermath of The Great Tribulation (GT)

The Olivet Prophecy: Arrow of the Lord

Part 1: Looking Through the Stones of the Buildings of the Temple
Part 2: False Messiahs (1st SEWIC)
Part 3: Fearful Things and Terrors (2nd SEWIC)
Part 4: Persecutions and Martyrdoms (3rd SEWIC)
Part 5: The Desolation and the Great Distress According to Luke
Part 6: The Great Tribulation (GT)
Part 7: The Coming of the Lord (LAST-SEWIC)
Part 8: The Illustration of the Fig Tree

Revelation And Its Mysteries
Updated: Time, Times And A Half (3 ½ or 2 ½ Times?) Daniel’s 1290 and 1335 Days
The Man and His Number (Tav Resh Samech Vav) Revelation 12

The Red Dragon, Composite Beast, and Scarlet Beast of Revelation

The 4 Living Creatures And The 24 Elders

 

#axis-powers, #bible-verses, #dragon-was-wroth, #explained, #fulfilled, #holocaust, #in-the-bible, #jacobs-trouble, #labor-pains, #none-is-like-it, #remnant-of-her-seed, #serpent-cast-out-of-his-mouth, #swallowed-up-the-flood, #world-war, #wrath-of-the-devil

Table of Sections of Revelation

PROLOGUE SECTION

SECTION 1 BRIDGING VERSE

None

THEME

The Son of Man and His Messages to the Seven Churches

RANGE

It could be from chapter 1:9 to 3:22

SUBSECTIONS The Vision of the Son of Man (ch 1:9-20)
The Messages to the Seven Angels of the Seven Churches (ch 2:1 to 3:22)
SECTION 1 BRIDGING VERSE

(Rev 3:21 NIV) To him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat down with my Father on his throne.

Bridging Word(s): The Father’s Throne

SECTION 2 BRIDGING VERSE

(Rev 4:2 NIV) At once I was in the Spirit, and there before me was a throne in heaven with someone sitting on it.

THEME

The Vision Center and the Main timeline Reference

RANGE

chapter 4:1 to 11:19

SUBSECTIONS The Vision of Heavenly Throne of God
The Seven Seals, The Seven Trumpets, The Seven Thunders and The Little Scroll, The Two Witnesses
SECTION 2 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 11:19 NIV) Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant. And there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake and a great hailstorm.

Bridging Word(s): Covenant

SECTION 3 BRIDGING VERSE The Woman is the symbol of the Covenant People!
THEME The Struggle between the Woman and the Dragon
RANGE chapter 12:1 to 13:8
SUBSECTIONS The Woman and the Dragon (ch 12:1-17)
The First Beast (ch 13:1-10)
The Second Beast (ch 13:11-18)
SECTION 3 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 13:18 NIV) This calls for wisdom. If anyone has insight, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is man’s number. His number is 666.

Bridging Word(s): Six or Sixth

SECTION 4 BRIDGING VERSE (Revelation 14:1 – 5) The Sixth Seal – Look for the explanation of The Fourth Section or Hidden Seals Section
THEME The Redeemed People of God and the Punishments of Evil Peoples
RANGE chapter 14:1 to 16:21
SUBSECTIONS The Lamb and the 144,000 (ch 14:1-5)
The Messages of the Three Angels (ch 14:6-13)
The Two Harvests (ch 14:14-20)
The Angels with the Seven Last Plagues (ch 15:1-8)
The Bowls of God’s Wrath (ch 16:1-21)
SECTION 4 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 16:19 NIV) The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath.

Bridging Word(s): Babylon the Great

SECTION 5 BRIDGING VERSE The Great Whore is Babylon the Great.
THEME Babylon the Great and the Bride of the Lamb
RANGE chapter 17:1 to 19:10
SUBSECTIONS The Great Whore and the Beast (ch 17:1-18)
The Fall of Babylon the Great (ch 18:1-24)
The Rejoicing in Heaven (ch 19:1-10)
SECTION 5 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 19:10 NIV) At this I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do it! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

Bridging Word(s): Yeshua or Jesus

SECTION 6 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 19:11 KJV) And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. (Yeshua or Jesus is the Rider)
THEME Wars and Judgments
RANGE chapter 19:11 to 20:15
SUBSECTIONS The Rider on the White Horse (ch 19:11-16)
The Defeat of the Beast and Its Armies (ch 19:17-21)
The Thousand Years (ch 20:1-6)
The Doom of Satan (ch 20:7-10)
The Great White Throne Judgment (ch 20:11-15)
SECTION 6 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 20:14 NIV) Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death.

Bridging Word(s): “Death”, “passed away” and “was no longer

SECTION 7 BRIDGING VERSE (Rev 21:1 NIV) Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea.
THEME Renewal of All Things/Utopia
RANGE chapter 21:1 up to (maybe) 22:7
SUBSECTIONS The New Heavens and the New Earth (ch 21:1-8)
The Vision of The New Jerusalem (The Bride) (ch 21:9-27)
The River of Life (ch 22:1 and maybe up verse 5 or 6 or 7)
SECTION 7 BRIDGING VERSE None

EPILOGUE SECTION

Epilogue, Benediction, and Warning

Olivet Prophecy: Part 8

 

Previous Topics:
Part 1: Looking through the Stones of the Buildings of the Temple
Part 2: False Messiahs (1st SEWIC)
Part 3: Fearful Things and Terrors (2nd SEWIC)
Part 4: Persecutions and Martyrdoms (3rd SEWIC)
Part 5: The Desolation and the Great Distress According to Luke
Part 6: The Great Tribulation (GT)
Part 7: The Coming of Lord (LAST-SEWIC)

Part 8: The Illustration of the Fig Tree 

Before we proceed to the simile itself, there’s something that should be explained – The “Kingdom” of God.

8.1 The Kingdom of God

(Revelation 12:10 KJV) And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

This verse belongs to the vision of the “War in Heaven.” Some people think that the coming of the Kingdom of God in this verse is at the time of the Lord Yeshua’s 2nd coming when he will again eat the Passover Supper and drink of the fruit of the vine at his Father’s Kingdom or Kingdom of God (Mat 26:29, Mar 14:25, Luke 22:16, 18). That is not the case. The “War in Heaven” happens before the Red Dragon pursues/persecutes the Woman of Revelation 12 and before the former makes war with the other seed of the latter. Whereas, at the time of the “Kingdom” of God in Mat 26:29, Mar 14:25, and Luke 22:16, 18, the Red Dragon has no capability to pursue/persecute the Woman or to make war with her other seed because the Lord Yeshua is going to be with his bride – the Woman.

The seemingly “two comings” of the Kingdom of God is perhaps brought about by the not so accurate translation of the word “kingdom” in Mat 26:29, Mar 14:25,  and Luke 22:16, 18. Here’s the definition of the Aramaic word for “kingdom” in the said verses:

SEDRA:

kingdom, realm, reign

The word can also mean “reign.” Now, read the two passages below:

Rev 11:15-17 ESV
(15)  Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever.
(16)  And the twenty-four elders who sit on their thrones before God fell on their faces and worshiped God,
(17)  saying, “We give thanks to you, Lord God Almighty, who is and who was, for you have taken your great power and begun to reign.

Rev 19:6-7 ESV
(6)  Then I heard what seemed to be the voice of a great multitude, like the roar of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, crying out, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns.
(7)  Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready;

This is the time when God will assume His great power and will reign. It is also the time when the Lord Yeshua will again eat the Passover Supper and drink of the fruit of the vine – during the Reign of God (7th Trumpet).

8.2 The Illustration of the Fig Tree 

(Luke 21:28 Etheridge) But when these things begin to be, take courage, and lift up your heads, because your redemption hath drawn nigh.

Let’s not forget this verse. It is from this verse that the simile of the fig tree follows in the account of Luke.

In verse 32 of Mat 24 above, it can be read that as soon as the branches of a fig tree become tender and shoot forth leaves, they know that summer IS NIGH. Similarly, this is also what can be read in Mark 13:28 and Luke 21:29-30 – that summer is near or approaching. The passage above (Mat 24:32-39) is from King James Version which was translated from the Greek texts. Below is the link to Greek Interlinear presentation of Matthew 24:32:

http://biblehub.com/interlinear/matthew/24-32.htm

Now, here follows the Analysis Pages/Tables of the Peshitta verses about the lesson of the fig tree from the accounts of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

8.3 Analysis Tables of the “Summer Verses”

(From Dukhrana Biblical Research: http://www.dukhrana.com/peshitta/)

Matthew 24:32 But from the fig-tree learn a parable: As soon as her branches are tender, and put forth leaves, you know that summer has arrived.

Matthew 24:32
ID Category Meaning Person Gender Number Tense Form
2:12182 Particle from
2:22595 Noun fig, fig tree Feminine Singular
2:4405 Particle but, yet
2:9218 Verb learn, teach Second Masculine Plural Imperative PEAL
2:16649 Noun comparison, parable Feminine Singular
2:6236 Particle immediately, at once
2:14139 Noun branch Feminine Plural
2:19989 Verb soft, tender Third Feminine Plural Active Participle PEAL
2:17143 Verb spring up Third Masculine Plural Active Participle PEAL
2:8425 Noun leaf Masculine Plural
2:25890 Verb know, known, recognize Second Masculine Plural Active Participle PEAL
2:23320 Pronoun thou Second Masculine Plural
2:11593 Verb arrive, reach, attain Third Masculine Singular Perfect PEAL
2:18574 Noun summer Masculine Singular

Here’s the link for the complete Analysis Page of the verse: http://www.dukhrana.com/peshitta/analyze_verse.php?lang=en&v